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Php Program to check if strings are rotations of each other or not

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  • Last Updated : 12 Jan, 2022

Given a string s1 and a string s2, write a snippet to say whether s2 is a rotation of s1?
(eg given s1 = ABCD and s2 = CDAB, return true, given s1 = ABCD, and s2 = ACBD , return false)


Algorithm:
areRotations(str1, str2)

    1. Create a temp string and store concatenation of str1 to
       str1 in temp.
                          temp = str1.str1
    2. If str2 is a substring of temp then str1 and str2 are 
       rotations of each other.

    Example:                 
                     str1 = "ABACD"
                     str2 = "CDABA"

     temp = str1.str1 = "ABACDABACD"
     Since str2 is a substring of temp, str1 and str2 are 
     rotations of each other.

PHP




<?php
// Php program to check if 
// two given strings are 
// rotations of each other
  
/* Function checks if passed 
strings (str1 and str2) are 
rotations of each other */
function areRotations($str1, $str2)
{
/* Check if sizes of two
   strings are same */
if (strlen($str1) != strlen($str2))
{
        return false;
}
  
$temp = $str1 + $str1
if ($temp.count($str2)> 0)
{
        return true;
}
else
{
    return false;
}
}
  
// Driver code
$str1 = "AACD";
$str2 = "ACDA";
if (areRotations($str1, $str2))
{
    echo "Strings are rotations "
                  "of each other";
}
else
{
    echo "Strings are not "
         "rotations of each other" ;
}
  
// This code is contributed
// by Shivi_Aggarwal.
?>


Output:

Strings are rotations of each other

Library Functions Used:
strstr:
strstr finds a sub-string within a string.
Prototype: char * strstr(const char *s1, const char *s2);
See http://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/Labo/Leo.Liberti/public/computing/prog/c/C/MAN/strstr.htm for more details

strcat:
strncat concatenate two strings
Prototype: char *strcat(char *dest, const char *src);
See http://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/Labo/Leo.Liberti/public/computing/prog/c/C/MAN/strcat.htm for more details

Time Complexity: Time complexity of this problem depends on the implementation of strstr function.
If implementation of strstr is done using KMP matcher then complexity of the above program is (-)(n1 + n2) where n1 and n2 are lengths of strings. KMP matcher takes (-)(n) time to find a substring in a string of length n where length of substring is assumed to be smaller than the string.
Please refer complete article on A Program to check if strings are rotations of each other or not for more details!


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