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PHP | DOMDocument createElement() Function
  • Last Updated : 27 Aug, 2019

The DOMDocument::createElement() function is an inbuilt function in PHP which is used to create a new instance of class DOMElement.

Syntax:

DOMElement DOMDocument::createElement( string $name, string $value )

Parameters: This function accepts two parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • $name: This parameter holds the tag name of the element.
  • $value: This parameter holds the value of the element. The default value of this function creates an empty element. The value of element can be set later using DOMElement::$nodeValue.

Return Value: This function returns a new instance of class DOMElement on success or FALSE on failure.

Below programs illustrate the DOMDocument::createElement() function in PHP:



Program 1:




<?php
  
// Create a new DOMDocument
$domDocument = new DOMDocument('1.0', 'iso-8859-1');
  
// Use createElement() function to add a new element node
$domElement = $domDocument->createElement('organization', 'GeeksforGeeks');
  
// Append element to the document
$domDocument->appendChild($domElement);
  
// Save XML file and display it
echo $domDocument->saveXML();
  
?>


Output:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<organization>GeeksforGeeks</organization>

Program 2:




<?php
  
// Create a new DOMDocument
$domDocument = new DOMDocument('1.0', 'iso-8859-1');
  
// Use createElement() function to add a new element node
$domElement1 = $domDocument->createElement('organization');
$domElement2 = $domDocument->createElement('name', 'GeeksforGeeks');
$domElement3 = $domDocument->createElement('address', 'Noida');
$domElement4 = $domDocument->createElement('email', 'abc@geeksforgeeks.org');
  
// Append element to the document
$domDocument->appendChild($domElement1);
$domElement1->appendChild($domElement2);
$domElement1->appendChild($domElement3);
$domElement1->appendChild($domElement4);
  
// Save XML file and display it
echo $domDocument->saveXML();
  
?>


Output:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<organization>
    <name>GeeksforGeeks</name>
    <address>Noida</address>
    <email>abc@geeksforgeeks.org</email>
</organization>

Reference: https://www.php.net/manual/en/domdocument.createelement.php

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