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Node.js Http2ServerResponse.addTrailers() Method
  • Last Updated : 23 Nov, 2020

The Http2ServerResponse.addTrailers() is an inbuilt application programming interface of the class Http2ServerRequest within the http2 module which is used to add the HTTP trailing headers to the response.

Syntax:

const response.addTrailers(headers)

Parameters: This method accepts the header field name as a parameter.

Return Value: This method returns the Request URL string.

How to generate a Private key and Public certificate?



1. Filename: Private key

Open notepad and copy-paste the following key and save the file as private-key.pem

-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

2. Filename: Public certificate

Open notepad and copy-paste the following key and save the file as public-cert.pem

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Example 1: Filename: index.js

Javascript

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code

// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// Http2ServerResponse.addTrailers() method
  
const http2 = require('http2');
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Private key and public certificate for access
const options = {
  key: fs.readFileSync('private-key.pem'),
  cert: fs.readFileSync('public-cert.pem'),
};
  
// Request and response handler
const http2Handlers = (request, response) => {
    
  response.addTrailers({'Content-MD5':  
  '7895bf4b8828b55ceaf47747b4bca667'});
    
  console.log(response)
};
  
// Creating and initializing server
// by using http2.createServer() method
const server = http2.createServer(
    options, http2Handlers);
  
server.on('stream', (stream, requestheader) => {
  stream.respond({ 
    ':status': 200, 
    'content-type': 'text/plain' 
  });
  
  stream.write('hello ');
  
  // Getting all information of this http2stream
  // object by using state method
  const status = stream.state;
  
  stream.end("priority weight : " + status.weight);
  
  // Stopping the server
  // by using the close() method
  server.close(() => {
    console.log("server destroyed");
  })
});
  
server.listen(8000);
  
// Creating and initializing client
// by using tls.connect() method
const client = http2.connect(
  
const req = client.request({ 
  ':method': 'GET',
  ':path': '/name'
});
  
req.on('response', (responsesocket) => {
  console.log("status : " 
  + responsesocket[":status"]);
});
  
req.on('data', (data) => {
  console.log('Received: %s ',
  data.toString().replace(/(\n)/gm,""));
});
  
req.on('end', () => {
  client.close(() => {
    console.log("client destroyed");
  })
});

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Run the index.js file using the following command:

node index.js

Output:

Http2ServerResponse {
  _events: [Object: null prototype] {},
  _eventsCount: 0,
  ...
  ...
  ...
  corkedRequestsFree: {
        next: null,
        entry: null,
        finish: [Function: bound onCorkedFinish]
      }
    }
  }
 
}
status : 200
Received: hello
Received: priority weight : 16
client destroyed
server destroyed

Example 2: Filename: index.js

Javascript

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edit
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code

// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// Http2ServerResponse.addTrailers() method
  
const http2 = require('http2');
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Private key and public certificate for access
const options = {
  key: fs.readFileSync('private-key.pem'),
  cert: fs.readFileSync('public-cert.pem'),
};
  
// Request and response handler
const http2Handlers = (request, response) => {
  
  response.addTrailers({ 'Cookie-Setup':  
  ['Alfa=Beta', 'Beta=Romeo'] });
  
  console.log(response)
};
  
// Creating and initializing server
// by using http2.createServer() method
const server = http2.createServer(
    options, http2Handlers);
  
server.on('stream', (stream, requestheader) => {
  stream.respond({ 
    ':status': 200, 
    'content-type': 'text/plain' 
  });
  stream.write('hello ');
  
  // Getting all information of this http2stream
  // object by using state method
  const status = stream.state;
  
  stream.end("priority weight : " + status.weight);
  
  // Stopping the server
  // by using the close() method
  server.close(() => {
    console.log("server destroyed");
  })
});
  
server.listen(8000);
  
// Creating and initializing client
// by using tls.connect() method
const client = http2.connect(
  
const req = client.request({ 
  ':method': 'GET'
  ':path': '/name'
});
  
req.on('response', (responsesocket) => {
  console.log("status : " 
  + responsesocket[":status"]);
});
  
req.on('data', (data) => {
  console.log('Received: %s ',
  data.toString().replace(/(\n)/gm,""));
});
  
req.on('end', () => {
  client.close(() => {
    console.log("client destroyed");
  })
});

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Run the index.js file using the following command:

node index.js

Output:

Http2ServerResponse {
  _events: [Object: null prototype] {},
  _eventsCount: 0,
  _maxListeners: undefined,
  ...
  ...
  ...
  corkedRequestsFree: {
        next: null,
        entry: null,
        finish: [Function: bound onCorkedFinish]
      }
    }
  }
}
status : 200
Received: hello
Received: priority weight : 16
client destroyed
server destroyed

Reference: https://nodejs.org/dist/latest-v12.x/docs/api/http2.html#http2_response_addtrailers_headers

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