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Minimum moves taken to move coin of each cell to any one cell of Matrix

  • Last Updated : 07 Apr, 2021

Given an odd number N which represents a grid of size N x N which is initially filled by coins, the task is to find the minimum number of moves required for all the coins to move to any cell of the grid such that in each step, some arbitrary coin in the middle of the grid can move to any of the surrounding eight cells. 

Examples: 

Input: N = 3 
Output:
Explanation: 
There are a total of 9 cells in a 3 x 3 grid. On assuming that all the coins have to be brought to the central cell, 8 coins should be moved and the number of steps is 8. 

Input: N = 5 
Output: 40 
 

Approach: The minimum number of steps is obtained only when all the coins are moved to the centre of the grid. Therefore, the idea is to divide the entire grid into multiple layers.  



  • Each layer of the grid K takes K moves to reach to the centre. That is: 
    1. The coins at layer 1 take one step to move to the centre.
    2. The coins at layer 2 take two steps to move to the centre and so on.
  • For example, let N = 5. Then, the grid is divided into the layers as follows:
  • In the above illustration, the coins which are marked in the red is at layer 1 and the coins which are marked blue is at layer 2.
  • Similarly, for a grid of size N x N, we can divide the coins into N//2 layers.
  • In each layer K, the number of coins present is (8 * K). And, the number of steps required is K. Therefore, iterate through all the layers and find the total number of steps as 8 * K2

Below is the implementation of the above approach:  

C++




// C++ program to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element of
// each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element 
// of each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
int calculateMoves(int n)
{
     
    // Initializing count to 0
    int count = 0;
 
    // Number of layers that are
    // around the centre element
    int layers = n / 2;
 
    // Iterating over ranger of layers
    for(int k = 1; k < layers + 1; k++)
    {
 
       // Increase the value of count 
       // by 8 * k * k
       count += 8 * k * k;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
     
    cout << calculateMoves(N);
}
 
// This code is contributed by coder001

Java




// Java program to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element of
// each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
class GFG{
     
// Function to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element
// of each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
public static int calculateMoves(int n)
{
         
    // Initializing count to 0
    int count = 0;
     
    // Number of layers that are
    // around the centre element
    int layers = n / 2;
     
    // Iterating over ranger of layers
    for(int k = 1; k < layers + 1; k++)
    {
         
       // Increase the value of count
       // by 8 * k * k
       count += 8 * k * k;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code   
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int N = 5;
     
    System.out.println(calculateMoves(N));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07   

Python3




# Python3 program to find the minimum number
# of moves taken to move the element of
# each cell to any one cell of the
# square matrix of odd length
 
# Function to find the minimum number
# of moves taken to move the element of
# each cell to any one cell of the
# square matrix of odd length
def calculateMoves(n):
 
    # Initializing count to 0
    count = 0
 
    # Number of layers that are
    # around the centre element
    layers = n//2
 
    # Iterating over ranger of layers
    for k in range(1, layers + 1):
 
        # Increase the value of count by
        # 8 * k * k
        count+= 8 * k*k
 
    return count
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    N = 5
  
    print(calculateMoves(N))

C#




// C# program to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element of
// each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
using System;
class GFG{
     
// Function to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element
// of each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
public static int calculateMoves(int n)
{
         
    // Initializing count to 0
    int count = 0;
     
    // Number of layers that are
    // around the centre element
    int layers = n / 2;
     
    // Iterating over ranger of layers
    for(int k = 1; k < layers + 1; k++)
    {
         
        // Increase the value of count
        // by 8 * k * k
        count += 8 * k * k;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
    int N = 5;
     
    Console.Write(calculateMoves(N));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Code_Mech

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element of
// each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
 
// Function to find the minimum number
// of moves taken to move the element
// of each cell to any one cell of the
// square matrix of odd length
function calculateMoves(n)
{
     
    // Initializing count to 0
    var count = 0;
 
    // Number of layers that are
    // around the centre element
    var layers = parseInt(n / 2);
 
    // Iterating over ranger of layers
    for(var k = 1; k < layers + 1; k++)
    {
         
        // Increase the value of count
        // by 8 * k * k
        count += 8 * k * k;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
var N = 5;
 
document.write(calculateMoves(N));
 
// This code is contributed by noob2000
 
</script>
Output: 
40

 

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