Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Menu driven program for all operations on singly linked list in C

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 02 Feb, 2022

A Linked List is a linear data structure that consists of two parts: one is the data part and the other is the address part. In this article, all the common operations of a singly linked list is discussed in one menu-driven program.

Operations to be performed:

  • createList(): To create the list with ‘n’ number of nodes initially as defined by the user.
  • traverse(): To see the contents of the linked list, it is necessary to traverse the given linked list. The given traverse() function traverses and prints the content of the linked list.
  • insertAtFront(): This function simply inserts an element at the front/beginning of the linked list.
  • insertAtEnd(): This function inserts an element at the end of the linked list.
  • insertAtPosition(): This function inserts an element at a specified position in the linked list.
  • deleteFirst(): This function simply deletes an element from the front/beginning of the linked list.
  • deleteEnd(): This function simply deletes an element from the end of the linked list.
  • deletePosition(): This function deletes an element from a specified position in the linked list.
  • maximum(): This function finds the maximum element in a linked list.
  • mean(): This function finds the mean of the elements in a linked list.
  • sort(): This function sort the given linked list in ascending order.
  • reverseLL(): This function reverses the given linked list.

Below is the implementation of the above operations:

C




// C program for the all operations in
// the Singly Linked List
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
// Linked List Node
struct node {
    int info;
    struct node* link;
};
struct node* start = NULL;
 
// Function to create list with n nodes initially
void createList()
{
    if (start == NULL) {
        int n;
        printf("\nEnter the number of nodes: ");
        scanf("%d", &n);
        if (n != 0) {
            int data;
            struct node* newnode;
            struct node* temp;
            newnode = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
            start = newnode;
            temp = start;
            printf("\nEnter number to"
                   " be inserted : ");
            scanf("%d", &data);
            start->info = data;
 
            for (int i = 2; i <= n; i++) {
                newnode = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
                temp->link = newnode;
                printf("\nEnter number to"
                       " be inserted : ");
                scanf("%d", &data);
                newnode->info = data;
                temp = temp->link;
            }
        }
        printf("\nThe list is created\n");
    }
    else
        printf("\nThe list is already created\n");
}
 
// Function to traverse the linked list
void traverse()
{
    struct node* temp;
 
    // List is empty
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is empty\n");
 
    // Else print the LL
    else {
        temp = start;
        while (temp != NULL) {
            printf("Data = %d\n", temp->info);
            temp = temp->link;
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to insert at the front
// of the linked list
void insertAtFront()
{
    int data;
    struct node* temp;
    temp = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    printf("\nEnter number to"
           " be inserted : ");
    scanf("%d", &data);
    temp->info = data;
 
    // Pointer of temp will be
    // assigned to start
    temp->link = start;
    start = temp;
}
 
// Function to insert at the end of
// the linked list
void insertAtEnd()
{
    int data;
    struct node *temp, *head;
    temp = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
 
    // Enter the number
    printf("\nEnter number to"
           " be inserted : ");
    scanf("%d", &data);
 
    // Changes links
    temp->link = 0;
    temp->info = data;
    head = start;
    while (head->link != NULL) {
        head = head->link;
    }
    head->link = temp;
}
 
// Function to insert at any specified
// position in the linked list
void insertAtPosition()
{
    struct node *temp, *newnode;
    int pos, data, i = 1;
    newnode = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
 
    // Enter the position and data
    printf("\nEnter position and data :");
    scanf("%d %d", &pos, &data);
 
    // Change Links
    temp = start;
    newnode->info = data;
    newnode->link = 0;
    while (i < pos - 1) {
        temp = temp->link;
        i++;
    }
    newnode->link = temp->link;
    temp->link = newnode;
}
 
// Function to delete from the front
// of the linked list
void deleteFirst()
{
    struct node* temp;
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is empty\n");
    else {
        temp = start;
        start = start->link;
        free(temp);
    }
}
 
// Function to delete from the end
// of the linked list
void deleteEnd()
{
    struct node *temp, *prevnode;
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is Empty\n");
    else {
        temp = start;
        while (temp->link != 0) {
            prevnode = temp;
            temp = temp->link;
        }
        free(temp);
        prevnode->link = 0;
    }
}
 
// Function to delete from any specified
// position from the linked list
void deletePosition()
{
    struct node *temp, *position;
    int i = 1, pos;
 
    // If LL is empty
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is empty\n");
 
    // Otherwise
    else {
        printf("\nEnter index : ");
 
        // Position to be deleted
        scanf("%d", &pos);
        position = malloc(sizeof(struct node));
        temp = start;
 
        // Traverse till position
        while (i < pos - 1) {
            temp = temp->link;
            i++;
        }
 
        // Change Links
        position = temp->link;
        temp->link = position->link;
 
        // Free memory
        free(position);
    }
}
 
// Function to find the maximum element
// in the linked list
void maximum()
{
    int a[10];
    int i;
    struct node* temp;
 
    // If LL is empty
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is empty\n");
 
    // Otherwise
    else {
        temp = start;
        int max = temp->info;
 
        // Traverse LL and update the
        // maximum element
        while (temp != NULL) {
 
            // Update the maximum
            // element
            if (max < temp->info)
                max = temp->info;
            temp = temp->link;
        }
        printf("\nMaximum number "
               "is : %d ",
               max);
    }
}
 
// Function to find the mean of the
// elements in the linked list
void mean()
{
    int a[10];
    int i;
    struct node* temp;
 
    // If LL is empty
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("\nList is empty\n");
 
    // Otherwise
    else {
        temp = start;
 
        // Stores the sum and count of
        // element in the LL
        int sum = 0, count = 0;
        float m;
 
        // Traverse the LL
        while (temp != NULL) {
 
            // Update the sum
            sum = sum + temp->info;
            temp = temp->link;
            count++;
        }
 
        // Find the mean
        m = sum / count;
 
        // Print the mean value
        printf("\nMean is %f ", m);
    }
}
 
// Function to sort the linked list
// in ascending order
void sort()
{
    struct node* current = start;
    struct node* index = NULL;
    int temp;
 
    // If LL is empty
    if (start == NULL) {
        return;
    }
 
    // Else
    else {
 
        // Traverse the LL
        while (current != NULL) {
            index = current->link;
 
            // Traverse the LL nestedly
            // and find the minimum
            // element
            while (index != NULL) {
 
                // Swap with it the value
                // at current
                if (current->info > index->info) {
                    temp = current->info;
                    current->info = index->info;
                    index->info = temp;
                }
                index = index->link;
            }
 
            // Update the current
            current = current->link;
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to reverse the linked list
void reverseLL()
{
    struct node *t1, *t2, *temp;
    t1 = t2 = NULL;
 
    // If LL is empty
    if (start == NULL)
        printf("List is empty\n");
 
    // Else
    else {
 
        // Traverse the LL
        while (start != NULL) {
 
            // reversing of points
            t2 = start->link;
            start->link = t1;
            t1 = start;
            start = t2;
        }
        start = t1;
 
        // New head Node
        temp = start;
 
        printf("Reversed linked "
               "list is : ");
 
        // Print the LL
        while (temp != NULL) {
            printf("%d ", temp->info);
            temp = temp->link;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int choice;
    while (1) {
 
        printf("\n\t1  To see list\n");
        printf("\t2  For insertion at"
               " starting\n");
        printf("\t3  For insertion at"
               " end\n");
        printf("\t4  For insertion at "
               "any position\n");
        printf("\t5  For deletion of "
               "first element\n");
        printf("\t6  For deletion of "
               "last element\n");
        printf("\t7  For deletion of "
               "element at any position\n");
        printf("\t8  To find maximum among"
               " the elements\n");
        printf("\t9  To find mean of "
               "the elements\n");
        printf("\t10 To sort element\n");
        printf("\t11 To reverse the "
               "linked list\n");
        printf("\t12 To exit\n");
        printf("\nEnter Choice :\n");
        scanf("%d", &choice);
 
        switch (choice) {
        case 1:
            traverse();
            break;
        case 2:
            insertAtFront();
            break;
        case 3:
            insertAtEnd();
            break;
        case 4:
            insertAtPosition();
            break;
        case 5:
            deleteFirst();
            break;
        case 6:
            deleteEnd();
            break;
        case 7:
            deletePosition();
            break;
        case 8:
            maximum();
            break;
        case 9:
            mean();
            break;
        case 10:
            sort();
            break;
        case 11:
            reverseLL();
            break;
        case 12:
            exit(1);
            break;
        default:
            printf("Incorrect Choice\n");
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

 
 

Output:

Menu: 
 

Insertion at the starting: 
 

Insertion at the end: 
 

Insertion at specific position: 
 

Print the Linked List: 
 

Maximum among Linked List: 
 

Sorting the Linked List: 
 

 

Reverse the Linked List: 
 

Delete the first and last element with choice 5 and 6: 
 

 

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!