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Maximizing array sum with given operation
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 09 Apr, 2021
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There is an array consisting of (2 * n – 1) integers. We can change sign of exactly n elements in the array. In other words, we can select exactly n array elements, and multiply each of them by -1. Find the maximum sum of the array.
Examples : 
 

Input : arr[] = 50 50 50
Output : 150
There is no need to change anything.
The sum of elements equals 150 
which is maximum.

Input :  arr[] = -1 -100 -1
Output : 100
Change the sign of the first two 
elements. Sum of the elements 
equal to 100.

 

Approach: 
Step 1:- Iterate the loop for 2*n-1 times and repeat the steps 2, 3 and 4. 
Step 2:- Calculate no. of negative numbers (neg). 
Step 3:- Calculate the sum (sum) of the array by taking absolute values of the numbers. 
Step 4:- Find the minimum number of the array by taking absolute values of the numbers (min). 
Step 5:- Check if the no. of negative numbers is odd and the value of n (given) is even then subtract two times m from the sum and this will be max_sum of the array else, the value of sum will be the max_sum of the array.
Below is the implementation of the above approach: 
 

C++




// CPP program to get the maximum
// sum of the array.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// function to find maximum sum
int maxSum(int arr[], int n)
{
    int neg = 0, sum = 0,
     m = INT_MAX, max_sum;
     
    // step 1
    for (int i = 0; i < 2 * n - 1; i++) {
     
        // step 2
        neg += (arr[i] < 0);
     
        // step 3
        sum += abs(arr[i]);
     
        // step 4
        m = min(m, abs(arr[i]));
    }
     
    // step 5
    if (neg % 2 && n % 2 == 0) {
        max_sum = sum -= 2 * m;
        return (max_sum);
    }
     
    max_sum = sum;
    return (max_sum);
}
 
// Driver Function
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { -1, -100, -1 };
    int n = 2;
    cout << maxSum(arr, n) << endl;
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to get the maximum
// sum of the array.
import java.io.*;
import java.math.*;
 
class GFG {
 
// function to find maximum sum
static int maxSum(int arr[], int n) {
    int neg = 0, sum = 0, m = 100000000, max_sum;
 
    // step 1
    for (int i = 0; i < 2 * n - 1; i++) {
 
    // step 2
    if (arr[i] < 0)
        neg += 1;
 
    // step 3
    sum += Math.abs(arr[i]);
 
    // step 4
    m = Math.min(m, Math.abs(arr[i]));
    }
 
    // step 5
    if (neg % 2 == 1 && n % 2 == 0) {
    max_sum = sum -= 2 * m;
    return (max_sum);
    }
 
    max_sum = sum;
    return (max_sum);
}
 
// Driver Function
public static void main(String args[]) {
    int arr[] = {-1, -100, -1};
    int n = 2;
    System.out.println(maxSum(arr, n));
}
}
 
/*This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari.*/

Python3




# Python3 code to get the maximum
# sum of the array.
import sys
 
# function to find maximum sum
def maxSum (arr, n):
    neg = 0
    sum = 0
    m = sys.maxsize
     
    # step 1
    for i in range(2 * n - 1):
         
        # step 2
        neg += (arr[i] < 0)
         
        # step 3
        sum += abs(arr[i])
         
        # step 4
        m = min(m, abs(arr[i]))
     
    # step 5
    if neg % 2 and n % 2 == 0:
        max_sum = sum - 2 * m
        return (max_sum)
     
    max_sum = sum
    return max_sum
     
# Driver Code
arr = [ -1, -100, -1 ]
n = 2
print( maxSum(arr, n))
 
# This code is contributed by "Sharad_Bhardwaj".

C#




// C# program to get the maximum
// sum of the array.
using System;
 
class GFG
{
 
// function to find maximum sum
static int maxSum(int []arr, int n)
{
    int neg = 0, sum = 0;
    int m = 100000000, max_sum;
 
    // step 1
    for (int i = 0; i < 2 * n - 1; i++)
    {
 
        // step 2
        if (arr[i] < 0)
        neg += 1;
 
        // step 3
        sum += Math.Abs(arr[i]);
 
        // step 4
        m = Math.Min(m, Math.Abs(arr[i]));
    }
 
    // step 5
    if (neg % 2 == 1 && n % 2 == 0)
    {
        max_sum = sum -= 2 * m;
        return (max_sum);
    }
 
    max_sum = sum;
    return (max_sum);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
    int []arr = {-1, -100, -1};
    int n = 2;
    Console.WriteLine(maxSum(arr, n));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to get the
// maximum sum of the array.
 
// function to find maximum sum
function maxSum($arr, $n)
{
    $neg = 0; $sum = 0;
    $m = PHP_INT_MAX; $max_sum;
     
    // step 1
    for ($i = 0; $i < 2 * $n - 1; $i++)
    {
        // step 2
        $neg += ($arr[$i] < 0);
     
        // step 3
        $sum += abs($arr[$i]);
     
        // step 4
        $m = min($m, abs($arr[$i]));
    }
     
    // step 5
    if ($neg % 2 && $n % 2 == 0)
    {
        $max_sum = $sum -= 2 * $m;
        return ($max_sum);
    }
     
    $max_sum = $sum;
    return ($max_sum);
}
 
// Driver Code
$arr = array(-1, -100, -1);
$n = 2;
echo maxSum($arr, $n) ;
 
// This code is contributed by anuj_67
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript program to get the maximum
    // sum of the array.
     
    // function to find maximum sum
    function maxSum(arr, n)
    {
        let neg = 0, sum = 0, m = Number.MAX_VALUE, max_sum;
 
        // step 1
        for (let i = 0; i < 2 * n - 1; i++) {
 
            // step 2
            neg += (arr[i] < 0);
 
            // step 3
            sum += Math.abs(arr[i]);
 
            // step 4
            m = Math.min(m, Math.abs(arr[i]));
        }
 
        // step 5
        if (neg % 2 && n % 2 == 0) {
            max_sum = sum -= 2 * m;
            return (max_sum);
        }
 
        max_sum = sum;
        return (max_sum);
    }
     
    let arr = [ -1, -100, -1 ];
    let n = 2;
    document.write(maxSum(arr, n));
     
    // This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07.
</script>

Output : 
 

100

 

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