Matcher appendReplacement(StringBuilder, String) method in Java with Examples

The appendReplacement(StringBuilder, String) method of Matcher Class behaves as a append-and-replace method. This method reads the input string and replace it with the matched pattern in the matcher string.

Syntax:

public Matcher 
    appendReplacement(StringBuilder builder, 
                      String stringToBeReplaced)

Parameters: This method takes two parameters:

  • builder: which is the StringBuilder that stores the target string.
  • stringToBeReplaced: which is the String to be replaced in the matcher.

Return Value: This method returns a Matcher with the target String replaced.

Exception: This method throws following exceptions:

  • IllegalStateException: If no match has yet been attempted, or if the previous match operation failed
  • IllegalArgumentException: If the replacement string refers to a named-capturing group that does not exist in the pattern
  • IndexOutOfBoundsException: If the replacement string refers to a capturing group that does not exist in the pattern

Below examples illustrate the Matcher.appendReplacement() method:

Example 1:

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// Java code to illustrate appendReplacement() method
  
import java.util.regex.*;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Get the regex to be checked
        String regex = "(Geeks)";
  
        // Create a pattern from regex
        Pattern pattern
            = Pattern.compile(regex);
  
        // Get the String to be matched
        String stringToBeMatched
            = "GeeksForGeeks Geeks for For Geeks Geek";
  
        // Create a matcher for the input String
        Matcher matcher
            = pattern.matcher(stringToBeMatched);
  
        System.out.println("Before Replacement: "
                           + stringToBeMatched);
  
        // Get the String to be replaced
        String stringToBeReplaced = "GEEKS";
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
  
        // Replace every matched pattern
        // with the target String
        // using appendReplacement() method
        while (matcher.find()) {
            matcher.appendReplacement(builder,
                                      stringToBeReplaced);
        }
        matcher.appendTail(builder);
  
        // Print the replaced matcher
        System.out.println("After Replacement: "
                           + builder.toString());
    }
}

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Output:

Before Replacement: GeeksForGeeks Geeks for For Geeks Geek
After Replacement: GEEKSForGEEKS GEEKS for For GEEKS Geek

Example 2:

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// Java code to illustrate appendReplacement() method
  
import java.util.regex.*;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Get the regex to be checked
        String regex = "(FGF)";
  
        // Create a pattern from regex
        Pattern pattern
            = Pattern.compile(regex);
  
        // Get the String to be matched
        String stringToBeMatched
            = "FGF FGF FGF FGF";
  
        // Create a matcher for the input String
        Matcher matcher
            = pattern.matcher(stringToBeMatched);
  
        System.out.println("Before Replacement: "
                           + stringToBeMatched);
  
        // Get the String to be replaced
        String stringToBeReplaced = "GFG";
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
  
        // Replace every matched pattern
        // with the target String
        // using appendReplacement() method
        while (matcher.find()) {
            matcher.appendReplacement(builder,
                                      stringToBeReplaced);
        }
        matcher.appendTail(builder);
  
        // Print the replaced matcher
        System.out.println("After Replacement: "
                           + builder.toString());
    }
}

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Output:

Before Replacement: FGF FGF FGF FGF
After Replacement: GFG GFG GFG GFG

Reference: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/9/docs/api/java/util/regex/Matcher.html#appendReplacement-java.lang.StringBuilder-java.lang.String-



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