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Largest element in the longest Subarray consisting of only Even or only Odd numbers

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Given an array arr[] of size N, the task is to find the largest element in the longest subarray consisting only of even numbers or odd numbers.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = { 2, 4, 6, 9, 10, 11 } 
Output:
Explanation: 
The longest subarray consisting of only even or odd numbers is { arr[0], arr[1], arr[2] }. 
Since the largest element of the subarray is arr[2], the required output is 6.

Input: arr[] = { 3, 5, 7, 4, 9, 11, 13 } 
Output: 13 
Explanation: 
The longest subarray consisting of only even or odd numbers are { {3, 5, 7 }, { 9, 11, 13 } }. 
The largest elements in the subarrays are 7 and 13 respectively. 13 being the largest, is the required output.

 

Naive Approach

The idea is to find all subarrays and in that find those subarrays whose all elements are even or all elements are odd. Then in those subarrays find the longest subarray and then the largest element of that longest subarray.

Steps to implement-

  • Declare a variable temp to store the length of the required longest subarray
  • Declare a variable ans to store the largest element of the required longest subarray
  • Run two for loops to find all subarrays and simultaneously find the length of the subarray and the largest element present in that subarray
  • Pick that sub-array which contain all even elements or odd elements
  • Then if that subarray has the longest length till now from all other subarrays which contain all even elements or all odd elements
    • Then update ans with the maximum of ans and the largest element present in that subarray

Code-

C++

// C++ program to implement
// the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only
int maxelementLongestSub(int arr[], int N)
{
   //To store longest subarray whose all elements are even
   //or all elements are odd
   int temp=0;
    
   //To store final answer
   int ans=INT_MIN;
    
   for(int i=0;i<N;i++){
       //To store length of subarray
       int length=0;
        
       //To store largest element of that subarray
       int largest=INT_MIN;
       for(int j=i;j<N;j++){
            
           //Increment the length
           length++;
            
           //Find largest element
           largest=max(largest,arr[j]);
            
           //This will tell that subarray contains all
           //odd or all even
           bool val=false;
            
           //Check all elements are even
           int k=i;
           while(k<=j){
               if(arr[k]%2!=0){break;}
               k++;
           }
           //when all elements are even
           if(k==j+1){val=true;}
            
           //Check all elements are odd
           k=i;
           while(k<=j){
               if(arr[k]%2!=1){break;}
               k++;
           }
           //when all elements are odd
           if(k==j+1){val=true;}
            
            
           //Update answer when all elements are even or odd and satisfy input condition
           if(val==true){
               if(length>=temp){
                   temp=length;
                   ans=max(ans,largest);
               }
           }
       }
   }
   return ans; 
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10  };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    cout << maxelementLongestSub(arr, N);
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java program to implement
// the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
public class GFG {
    // Function to find the largest element
    // of the longest subarray consisting
    // only of odd or even elements only
    static int maxelementLongestSub(int[] arr, int N)
    {
        // To store the longest subarray whose all elements
        // are even or all elements are odd
        int temp = 0;
 
        // To store the final answer
        int ans = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
 
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
            // To store the length of the subarray
            int length = 0;
 
            // To store the largest element of that subarray
            int largest = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
            for (int j = i; j < N; j++) {
 
                // Increment the length
                length++;
 
                // Find the largest element
                largest = Math.max(largest, arr[j]);
 
                // This will tell if the subarray contains
                // all odd or all even elements
                boolean val = false;
 
                // Check if all elements are even
                int k = i;
                while (k <= j) {
                    if (arr[k] % 2 != 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                    k++;
                }
                // When all elements are even
                if (k == j + 1) {
                    val = true;
                }
 
                // Check if all elements are odd
                k = i;
                while (k <= j) {
                    if (arr[k] % 2 != 1) {
                        break;
                    }
                    k++;
                }
                // When all elements are odd
                if (k == j + 1) {
                    val = true;
                }
 
                // Update answer when all elements are even
                // or odd and satisfy input condition
                if (val == true) {
                    if (length >= temp) {
                        temp = length;
                        ans = Math.max(ans, largest);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
        int N = arr.length;
        System.out.println(maxelementLongestSub(arr, N));
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Function to find the largest element
# of the longest subarray consisting
# only of odd or even elements only
def maxelementLongestSub(arr, N):
    # To store longest subarray whose all elements are even
    # or all elements are odd
    temp = 0
     
    # To store final answer
    ans = float("-inf")
     
    for i in range(N):
        # To store length of subarray
        length = 0
         
        # To store largest element of that subarray
        largest = float("-inf")
        for j in range(i, N):
            # Increment the length
            length += 1
             
            # Find the largest element
            largest = max(largest, arr[j])
             
            # This will tell that subarray contains all
            # odd or all even
            val = False
             
            # Check all elements are even
            k = i
            while k <= j:
                if arr[k] % 2 != 0:
                    break
                k += 1
            # When all elements are even
            if k == j + 1:
                val = True
             
            # Check all elements are odd
            k = i
            while k <= j:
                if arr[k] % 2 != 1:
                    break
                k += 1
            # When all elements are odd
            if k == j + 1:
                val = True
             
            # Update answer when all elements are even or odd and satisfy input condition
            if val:
                if length >= temp:
                    temp = length
                    ans = max(ans, largest)
    return ans
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    arr = [1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10]
    N = len(arr)
    print(maxelementLongestSub(arr, N))

                    

C#

using System;
 
public class GFG
{
    // Function to find the largest element
    // of the longest subarray consisting
    // only of odd or even elements only
    static int MaxElementLongestSub(int[] arr, int N)
    {
        // To store the longest subarray whose all elements
        // are even or all elements are odd
        int temp = 0;
 
        // To store the final answer
        int ans = int.MinValue;
 
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
        {
            // To store the length of the subarray
            int length = 0;
 
            // To store the largest element of that subarray
            int largest = int.MinValue;
            for (int j = i; j < N; j++)
            {
                // Increment the length
                length++;
 
                // Find the largest element
                largest = Math.Max(largest, arr[j]);
 
                // This will tell if the subarray contains
                // all odd or all even elements
                bool val = false;
 
                // Check if all elements are even
                int k = i;
                while (k <= j)
                {
                    if (arr[k] % 2 != 0)
                    {
                        break;
                    }
                    k++;
                }
                // When all elements are even
                if (k == j + 1)
                {
                    val = true;
                }
 
                // Check if all elements are odd
                k = i;
                while (k <= j)
                {
                    if (arr[k] % 2 != 1)
                    {
                        break;
                    }
                    k++;
                }
                // When all elements are odd
                if (k == j + 1)
                {
                    val = true;
                }
 
                // Update the answer when all elements are even
                // or odd and satisfy the input condition
                if (val == true)
                {
                    if (length >= temp)
                    {
                        temp = length;
                        ans = Math.Max(ans, largest);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
        int N = arr.Length;
        Console.WriteLine(MaxElementLongestSub(arr, N));
    }
}

                    

Javascript

// JavaScript program to implement
// the above approach
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only
function maxelementLongestSub(arr, N)
{
//To store longest subarray whose all elements are even
//or all elements are odd
let temp=0;
     
//To store final answer
let ans=Number. MIN_VALUE;
     
for(let i=0;i<N;i++){
    //To store length of subarray
    let length=0;
         
    //To store largest element of that subarray
    let largest=Number. MIN_VALUE;
    for(let j=i;j<N;j++){
             
        //Increment the length
        length++;
             
        //Find largest element
        largest=Math.max(largest,arr[j]);
             
        //This will tell that subarray contains all
        //odd or all even
        let val=false;
             
        //Check all elements are even
        let k=i;
        while(k<=j){
            if(arr[k]%2!=0){break;}
            k++;
        }
        //when all elements are even
        if(k==j+1){val=true;}
             
        //Check all elements are odd
        k=i;
        while(k<=j){
            if(arr[k]%2!=1){break;}
            k++;
        }
        //when all elements are odd
        if(k==j+1){val=true;}
             
             
        //Update answer when all elements are even or odd and satisfy input condition
        if(val==true){
            if(length>=temp){
                temp=length;
                ans=Math.max(ans,largest);
            }
        }
    }
}
return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
 
    let arr = [ 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 ];
    let N = arr.length;
    console.log(maxelementLongestSub(arr, N));

                    

Output-

7

Time Complexity: O(N3), because of two nested loops to find all subarray and a third loop to find that subarray contains all even elements or odd elements
Auxiliary Space: O(1), because no extra space has been used

Approach: Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a variable, say maxLen, to store the length of the longest subarray obtained till ith index, which contains either even numbers or odd numbers only.
  • Initialize a variable, say Len, to store the length of the current subarray upto the ith array element, consisting only of even or odd numbers.
  • Initialize a variable, say MaxElem, to store the largest element of the longest subarray obtained till ith index which consists only of even or odd elements.
  • Traverse the array using variable i. For every ith array element, check if arr[i] % 2 is equal to arr[i – 1] % 2 or not. If found to be true, then increment the value of Len.
  • Otherwise, update the value of Len = 1.
  • If Len >= maxLen, then update MaxElem = max(MaxElem, arr[i]).
  • Finally, print the value of MaxElem.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

// C++ program to implement
// the above approach
 
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only
int maxelementLongestSub(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Stores largest element of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int MaxElem = arr[0];
 
    // Stores maximum length of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int maxLen = 1;
 
    // Stores length of the current
    // subarray including the i-th element
    int Len = 1;
 
    // Stores largest element in
    // current subarray
    int Max = arr[0];
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
 
        // If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
        // are either even numbers
        // or odd numbers
        if (arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2) {
 
            // Update Len
            Len++;
 
            // Update Max
            if (arr[i] > Max)
                Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater than
            // maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen) {
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // Update MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                    MaxElem = Max;
            }
        }
 
        else {
 
            // Update Len
            Len = 1;
 
            // Update Max
            Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater
            // than maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen) {
 
                // Update maxLen
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // If Max greater
                // than MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem) {
 
                    // Update MaxElem
                    MaxElem = Max;
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    return MaxElem;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
 
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    cout << maxelementLongestSub(arr, n);
 
    return 0;
}

                    

C

// C program to implement
// the above approach
#include <stdio.h>
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only
int maxelementLongestSub(int arr[], int n)
{
     
    // Stores largest element of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int MaxElem = arr[0];
 
    // Stores maximum length of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int maxLen = 1;
 
    // Stores length of the current
    // subarray including the i-th element
    int Len = 1;
 
    // Stores largest element in
    // current subarray
    int Max = arr[0];
 
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
         
        // If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
        // are either even numbers
        // or odd numbers
        if (arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2)
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len++;
 
            // Update Max
            if (arr[i] > Max)
                Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater than
            // maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // Update MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                    MaxElem = Max;
            }
        }
 
        else
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len = 1;
 
            // Update Max
            Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater
            // than maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                 
                // Update maxLen
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // If Max greater
                // than MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                {
                     
                    // Update MaxElem
                    MaxElem = Max;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return MaxElem;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    printf("%d", maxelementLongestSub(arr, n));
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by sourav singh

                    

Java

// Java program to implement
// the above approach
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only    
static int maxelementLongestSub(int arr[], int n)
{
     
    // Stores largest element of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int MaxElem = arr[0];
 
    // Stores maximum length of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int maxLen = 1;
 
    // Stores length of the current
    // subarray including the i-th element
    int Len = 1;
 
    // Stores largest element in
    // current subarray
    int Max = arr[0];
 
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
         
        // If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
        // are either even numbers
        // or odd numbers
        if (arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2)
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len++;
 
            // Update Max
            if (arr[i] > Max)
                Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater than
            // maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                maxLen = Len;
                 
                // Update MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                    MaxElem = Max;
            }
        }
        else
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len = 1;
 
            // Update Max
            Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater
            // than maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                 
                // Update maxLen
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // If Max greater
                // than MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                {
                     
                    // Update MaxElem
                    MaxElem = Max;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return MaxElem;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
    int n = arr.length;
 
    System.out.print(maxelementLongestSub(arr, n));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by sourav singh

                    

Python3

# Python3 program to implement
# the above approach
 
# Function to find the largest element
# of the longest subarray consisting
# only of odd or even elements only
def maxelementLongestSub(arr, n):
     
    # Stores largest element of the
    # longest sub-array till i-th index
    MaxElem = arr[0]
 
    # Stores maximum length of the
    # longest sub-array till i-th index
    maxLen = 1
 
    # Stores length of the current
    # sub-array including the i-th element
    Len = 1
 
    # Stores largest element in
    # current sub-array
    Max = arr[0]
 
    for i in range(1, n):
         
        # If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
        # are either even numbers
        # or odd numbers
        if arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2:
             
            # Update Len
            Len += 1
             
            # Update Max
            if arr[i] > Max:
                Max = arr[i]
                 
            # If Len greater than
            # maxLen
            if Len >= maxLen:
                maxLen = Len
                 
                # Update MaxElem
                if Max >= MaxElem:
                    MaxElem = Max
        else:
             
            # Update Len
            Len = 1
             
            # Update Max
            Max = arr[i]
             
            # If Len greater
            # than maxLen
            if Len >= maxLen:
                maxLen = Len
                 
                # If Max greater
                #   than MaxElem
                if Max >= MaxElem:
                    MaxElem = Max
                     
    return MaxElem
 
# Driver Code
arr = [ 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 ]
n = len(arr)
 
print(maxelementLongestSub(arr, n))
 
# This code is contributed by sourav singh

                    

C#

// C# program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the largest element
// of the longest subarray consisting
// only of odd or even elements only    
static int maxelementLongestSub(int[] arr,
                                int n)
{
     
    // Stores largest element of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int MaxElem = arr[0];
 
    // Stores maximum length of the
    // longest subarray till i-th index
    int maxLen = 1;
 
    // Stores length of the current
    // subarray including the i-th element
    int Len = 1;
 
    // Stores largest element in
    // current subarray
    int Max = arr[0];
 
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
         
        // If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
        // are either even numbers
        // or odd numbers
        if (arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2)
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len++;
 
            // Update Max
            if (arr[i] > Max)
                Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater than
            // maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                maxLen = Len;
                 
                // Update MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                    MaxElem = Max;
            }
        }
        else
        {
             
            // Update Len
            Len = 1;
 
            // Update Max
            Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater
            // than maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen)
            {
                 
                // Update maxLen
                maxLen = Len;
 
                // If Max greater
                // than MaxElem
                if (Max >= MaxElem)
                {
                     
                    // Update MaxElem
                    MaxElem = Max;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return MaxElem;
}
 
//  Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10 };
    int n = arr.Length;
 
    // Function call
    Console.Write(maxelementLongestSub(arr, n));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by sourav singh

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
      // JavaScript program to implement
      // the above approach
 
      // Function to find the largest element
      // of the longest subarray consisting
      // only of odd or even elements only
      function maxelementLongestSub(arr, n)
      {
        // Stores largest element of the
        // longest subarray till i-th index
        var MaxElem = arr[0];
 
        // Stores maximum length of the
        // longest subarray till i-th index
        var maxLen = 1;
 
        // Stores length of the current
        // subarray including the i-th element
        var Len = 1;
 
        // Stores largest element in
        // current subarray
        var Max = arr[0];
 
        // Traverse the array
        for (var i = 1; i < n; i++) {
          // If arr[i] and arr[i - 1]
          // are either even numbers
          // or odd numbers
          if (arr[i] % 2 == arr[i - 1] % 2) {
            // Update Len
            Len++;
 
            // Update Max
            if (arr[i] > Max) Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater than
            // maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen) {
              maxLen = Len;
 
              // Update MaxElem
              if (Max >= MaxElem) MaxElem = Max;
            }
          } else {
            // Update Len
            Len = 1;
 
            // Update Max
            Max = arr[i];
 
            // If Len greater
            // than maxLen
            if (Len >= maxLen) {
              // Update maxLen
              maxLen = Len;
 
              // If Max greater
              // than MaxElem
              if (Max >= MaxElem) {
                // Update MaxElem
                MaxElem = Max;
              }
            }
          }
        }
 
        return MaxElem;
      }
 
      // Driver Code
      var arr = [1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 10];
      var n = arr.length;
 
      document.write(maxelementLongestSub(arr, n));
       
</script>

                    

Output
7








Time Complexity: O(N) 
Auxiliary Space: O(1)



Last Updated : 09 Nov, 2023
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