JSON | Data Types

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is most widely used data format for data interchange on the web. JSON is a lightweight text based, data-interchange format and it completely language independent. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript programming language and it is easy to understand and generate.
JSON supports mainly 6 data types:

  1. string
  2. number
  3. boolean
  4. null
  5. object
  6. array

Note: string, number, boolean, null are simple data types or primitives data types whereas object and array are referred as complex data types.

  1. String: JSON strings must be written in double quotes like C-language there are various special characters(Escape Characters) in JSON that you can use in strings such as \ (backslash), / (forward slash), b (backspace), n (new line), r (carriage return), t (horizontal tab) etc.
    Example:



    { "name":"Vivek" }
    
    { "city":"Delhi\/India" }
    
    here \/ is used for Escape Character / (forward slash).
  2. Number: Represented in base 10 and octal and hexadecimal formats are not used.
    Example:

    { "age": 20 }
    { "percentage": 82.44}
    
  3. Boolean: This data type can be either true or false.
    Example:

    { "result" : true }
    
  4. Null: It is just a define nillable value.
    Example:

    {
      "result" : true,
      "grade" : null,
      "rollno" : 210
    }
    
  5. Object: It is a set of name or value pairs inserted between {} (curly braces). The keys must be strings and should be unique and multiple key and value pairs are separated by a, (comma).
    Syntax:

    { key : value, .......}

    Example:

    {
    "Geek":{ "name":"Peter", "age":20, "score": 50.05}
    }
    
  6. Array: It is an ordered collection of values and begins with [ (left bracket) and ends with ] (right bracket). The values of array are separated by ,(comma).
    Syntax:

    [ value, .......]

    Example:

    {
    "geek":[ "Sahil", "Vivek", "Rahul" ]
    }
    
    {
      "collection" : [
            {"id" : 101},
            {"id" : 102},
            {"id" : 103}
      ]
    }
    

Example of JSON document:

{
  "Geeks" : [
    { 
      "Geekname" : "Sahil kumar",
      "subject" : "Data structures",
      "Articles" : 10
      },
    { 
      "Geekname" : "Pawan singh",
      "subject" : "Algorithms",
      "Articles" : 16 
      },
    { 
      "Geekname" : "Ayush Goel",
      "subject" : "Networking",
      "Articles" : 7
      }
  ]
}


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