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Javascript Program to Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix

  • Last Updated : 18 Jan, 2022

Given a 4 x 4 matrix, we have to interchange the elements of first and last row and show the resulting matrix.
Examples : 
 

Input : 3 4 5 0
        2 6 1 2
        2 7 1 2
        2 1 1 2
Output : 2 1 1 2
         2 6 1 2
         2 7 1 2
         3 4 5 0

Input : 9 7 5 1
        2 3 4 1
        5 6 6 5
        1 2 3 1
Output : 1 2 3 1
         2 3 4 1
         5 6 6 5
         9 7 5 1

 

The approach is very simple, we can simply swap the elements of first and last row of the matrix inorder to get the desired matrix as output.
Below is the implementation of the approach : 
 

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript code to swap the element of first
// and last row and display the result
      
    function interchangeFirstLast(m)
    {
        let rows = m.length;
            
        // swapping of element between first
        // and last rows
        for (let i = 0; i < m[0].length; i++) {
            let t = m[0][i];
            m[0][i] = m[rows-1][i];
            m[rows-1][i] = t;
        }
    }
      
    // Driver code
      
    // input in the array
    let m = [[8, 9, 7, 6],
          [4, 7, 6, 5],
       [3, 2, 1, 8],
       [9, 9, 7, 7]]
        interchangeFirstLast(m); 
            
     // printing the interchanged matrix
     for (let i = 0; i < m.length; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j < m[0].length; j++) 
            document.write(m[i][j] + " ");
        document.write("<br>");
     }
      
      
    // This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
</script>

Output : 
 

9 9 7 7 
4 7 6 5 
3 2 1 8 
8 9 7 6 

Please refer complete article on Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix for more details!

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