Open In App
Related Articles

Javascript Program to Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix

Improve
Improve
Improve
Like Article
Like
Save Article
Save
Report issue
Report

Given a 4 x 4 matrix, we have to interchange the elements of first and last row and show the resulting matrix.
Examples : 
 

Input : 3 4 5 0
        2 6 1 2
        2 7 1 2
        2 1 1 2
Output : 2 1 1 2
         2 6 1 2
         2 7 1 2
         3 4 5 0

Input : 9 7 5 1
        2 3 4 1
        5 6 6 5
        1 2 3 1
Output : 1 2 3 1
         2 3 4 1
         5 6 6 5
         9 7 5 1


 


The approach is very simple, we can simply swap the elements of first and last row of the matrix inorder to get the desired matrix as output.
Below is the implementation of the approach : 
 

Javascript

<script>
// Javascript code to swap the element of first
// and last row and display the result
     
    function interchangeFirstLast(m)
    {
        let rows = m.length;
           
        // swapping of element between first
        // and last rows
        for (let i = 0; i < m[0].length; i++) {
            let t = m[0][i];
            m[0][i] = m[rows-1][i];
            m[rows-1][i] = t;
        }
    }
     
    // Driver code
     
    // input in the array
    let m = [[8, 9, 7, 6],
          [4, 7, 6, 5],
       [3, 2, 1, 8],
       [9, 9, 7, 7]]
        interchangeFirstLast(m);
           
     // printing the interchanged matrix
     for (let i = 0; i < m.length; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j < m[0].length; j++)
            document.write(m[i][j] + " ");
        document.write("<br>");
     }
     
     
    // This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
</script>

                    

Output : 
 

9 9 7 7 
4 7 6 5 
3 2 1 8 
8 9 7 6 

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is no of rows; as we are using single loop for interchanging first and last rows of given matrix.

Auxiliary Space: O(1), as we are not using any extra space.

Please refer complete article on Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix for more details!



Last Updated : 24 Jul, 2022
Like Article
Save Article
Previous
Next
Share your thoughts in the comments
Similar Reads