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Java Program to Print the Smallest Element in an Array

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  • Last Updated : 13 Sep, 2022
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Java provides a data structure, the array, which stores the collection of data of the same type. It is a fixed-size sequential collection of elements of the same type. 

Example:

arr1[] = {2 , -1 , 9 , 10}
output : -1

arr2[] = {0, -10, -13, 5}
output : -13

We need to find and print the smallest value element of an array in this program.

  1. By maintaining a min element and updating it while traversing over the whole array if we encounter a number smaller than min.
  2. By sorting an array and printing the 0th index element of the array after sorting.

Approach 1: Maintaining a min element and updating it while traversing over the whole array if we encounter a number smaller than min.

Java




// Java program to print the smallest element of the array
 
public class FindSmallestElementInArray {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Either we can initialize array elements or can
        // get input from user. Always it is best to get
        // input from user and form the array
        int[] initializedArray
            = new int[] { 25, 110, 74, 75, 5 };
 
        System.out.println("Given array ");
 
        for (int i = 0; i < initializedArray.length; i++) {
 
            System.out.println(initializedArray[i]);
        }
 
        // Initialize minValue with first element of array.
        int minValue = initializedArray[0];
 
        // Loop through the array
        for (int i = 0; i < initializedArray.length; i++) {
 
            // Compare elements of array with minValue and
            // if condition true, make minValue to that
            // element
 
            if (initializedArray[i] < minValue)
 
                minValue = initializedArray[i];
        }
 
        System.out.println(
            "Smallest element present in given array: "
            + minValue);
    }
}

Output

Given array 
25
110
74
75
5
Smallest element present in given array: 5

Time Complexity: O(n) 

Space Complexity: O(1)

Approach 2: By sorting an array and printing the 0th index element of the array after sorting.

Java




// Java program to print the smallest element of the array
 
import java.util.*;
 
public class FindSmallestElementInArray {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
       
        // we can initialize array elements
        int[] initializedArray = new int[] { 25, 110, 74, 75, 5 };
       
        System.out.println("Given array ");
        for (int i = 0; i < initializedArray.length; i++) {
           
            System.out.println(initializedArray[i]);
        }
 
        // sort the array
        Arrays.sort(initializedArray);
       
        int minValue = initializedArray[0];
       
        System.out.println(
            "Smallest element present in given array: "
            + minValue);
    }
}

Output

Given array 
25
110
74
75
5
Smallest element present in given array: 5

Time complexity: O(NlogN) Since the time taken for sorting is NlogN, where there are N elements of the array

Space complexity: O(1)

Approach 3: Using Collections.min() and ArrayList

Java




// Java program to print the smallest element of the array
 
import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
 
public class Main {
 
  public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Either we can initialize array elements or can
        // get input from user. Always it is best to get
        // input from user and form the array
        int[] initializedArray
            = new int[] { 25, 110, 74, 75, 5 };
     
        ArrayList<Integer> al = new ArrayList<>();
        System.out.println("Given array ");
 
        for (int i = 0; i < initializedArray.length; i++) {
 
            System.out.println(initializedArray[i]);
            // adding elements of array to arrayList.
            al.add(initializedArray[i]);
        }
        System.out.println(
            "Smallest element present in given array: "
            + Collections.min(al));
    }
}

Output

Given array 
25
110
74
75
5
Smallest element present in given array: 5

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