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Java Program to Interchange Any Two Rows in the Matrix

  • Last Updated : 30 Oct, 2020

Given a matrix having m rows and n columns. We have to write a Java program to interchange any two Rows in the given matrix. Swap Operation is required to interchange the elements of two rows. O(1) operation to swap two rows is impossible because complete traversal between two rows is required.

Examples

Input 1: K = 1, L = 2,

          mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
                     {1, 2, 3},  
                     {3, 6, 2}}
                     
Output: 
          mat[][] = {{1, 2, 3},
                     {2, 1, 4},  
                     {3, 6, 2}}
                    

Input 2: K = 1, L = 1,
          mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
                     {1, 2, 3}} 
                              
Output: 
          mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
                     {1, 2, 3}}   
                                   
Input 3: K = 2, L = 3,
          mat[][] =  {{2, 1},
                      {1, 2},  
                      {3, 6}}
                     
Output: 
          mat[][] =  {{2, 1},
                     {3, 6},  
                     {1, 2}}

Approach

  • If First and Second are same, then print the matrix as it is.
  • Else Loop over the Kth and Lth row of the matrix.
  • Swap the elements ith index of both the rows while traversal.
  • Now after the loop gets over, print the matrix.

Below is the code implementation for the above approach:

Java




// Java program to interchange 
// two row in a Matrix
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
    
    public static void printMatrix(int[][] matrix)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < matrix.length; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < matrix[0].length; j++)
                System.out.print(matrix[i][j] + " ");
            System.out.println();
        }
    }
    public static void exchangeAnyTwoRows(int[][] matrix,
                                          int K, int L)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < matrix[0].length; i++) {
            
            // Swap two numbers
            int temp = matrix[K - 1][i];
            matrix[K - 1][i] = matrix[L - 1][i];
            matrix[L - 1][i] = temp;
        }
        
        // Print matrix
        printMatrix(matrix);
    }
    
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int K = 2, L = 3;
        int mat[][] = { { 2, 1, 4 }, { 1, 2, 3 }, { 3, 6, 2 } };
  
        // calling the exchange row fuction
        exchangeAnyTwoRows(mat, K, L);
    }
}
Output



2 1 4 
3 6 2 
1 2 3 

Time Complexity: 0(n), Where n is the length of the row.

Space Complexity: 0(1)

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