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Java Program to Interchange Elements of First and Last in a Matrix Across Rows
  • Last Updated : 30 Mar, 2021

For a given 4 × 4 matrix, the task is to interchange the elements of the first and last rows and then return the resultant matrix.

Illustration:

Input 1:  1  1  5  0
          2  3  7  2
          8  9  1  3
          6  7  8  2
Output 1: 6  7  8  2
          2  3  7  2 
          8  9  1  3
          1  1  5  0

Input 2:  7   8   9  10
         11  13  14   1
         15   7  12  22
         11  21  30   1

Output 2: 11  21  30   1
         11  13  14   1
         15  7   12  22
         7   8   9   10

Approach:

To get the required output, we need to swap the elements of the first and the last row of the stated matrix.

Example

Java




// Java Program to Interchange Elements of First
// and Last Row in a Matrix
  
// Importing input output classes
import java.io.*;
  
// Main Class
public class GFG {
  
    // Method 1
    // To swap First and Last Row
    static void swap_First_last(int mat[][])
    {
        int rws = mat.length;
  
        // Interchanging of elements between the
        // first and last rows
        for (int j = 0; j < mat[0].length; j++) {
  
            // Using temporary variable so in order
            // not to loose the values of the matrix
            // Simply, swapping the values stored
            int temp = mat[0][j];
            mat[0][j] = mat[rws - 1][j];
            mat[rws - 1][j] = temp;
        }
    }
  
    // Method 2
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String args[])
        throws IOException
    {
        // Input integer matrix
        int mat[][] = { { 2, 3, 4, 5 },
                        { 8, 9, 6, 15 },
                        { 13, 22, 11, 18 },
                        { 19, 1, 2, 0 } };
  
        // Display message only
        System.out.println("Input matrix is as follows : ");
  
        // Printing the Input matrix
        for (int j = 0; j < mat.length; j++) {
            for (int k = 0; k < mat[0].length; k++)
  
                // Print the elements of the input matrix
                System.out.print(mat[j][k] + " ");
  
            // New line as row ended
            System.out.println();
        }
  
        System.out.println(
            "Swapped matrix is as follows : ");
  
        // Calling the (method1) to swap rows in a matrix
        swap_First_last(mat);
  
        // Printing the Swapped matrix
        for (int j = 0; j < mat.length; j++) {
            for (int k = 0; k < mat[0].length; k++)
  
                // Print the elements of the swapped matrix
                System.out.print(mat[j][k] + " ");
  
            // New line as row ended
            System.out.println();
        }
    }
}
Output:
Input matrix is as follows : 
2 3 4 5 
8 9 6 15 
13 22 11 18 
19 1 2 0 
Swapped matrix is as follows : 
19 1 2 0 
8 9 6 15 
13 22 11 18 
2 3 4 5

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