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Java Program To Add Two Numbers Represented By Linked Lists- Set 1

  • Last Updated : 21 Dec, 2021

Given two numbers represented by two lists, write a function that returns the sum list. The sum list is a list representation of the addition of two input numbers.

Example:

Input: 
List1: 5->6->3 // represents number 563 
List2: 8->4->2 // represents number 842 
Output: 
Resultant list: 1->4->0->5 // represents number 1405 
Explanation: 563 + 842 = 1405 Input: 
List1: 7->5->9->4->6 // represents number 75946
List2: 8->4 // represents number 84
Output: 
Resultant list: 7->6->0->3->0// represents number 76030
Explanation: 75946+84=76030

Approach: Traverse both lists and One by one pick nodes of both lists and add the values. If the sum is more than 10 then make carry as 1 and reduce sum. If one list has more elements than the other then consider the remaining values of this list as 0. 

The steps are: 

  1. Traverse the two linked lists from start to end
  2. Add the two digits each from respective linked lists.
  3. If one of the lists has reached the end then take 0 as its digit.
  4. Continue it until both the end of the lists.
  5. If the sum of two digits is greater than 9 then set carry as 1 and the current digit as sum % 10

Below is the implementation of this approach. 

Java




// Java program to add two numbers
// represented by linked list
class LinkedList 
{
    static Node head1, head2;
  
    static class Node 
    {
        int data;
        Node next;
  
        Node(int d)
        {
            data = d;
            next = null;
        }
    }
  
    /* Adds contents of two linked
       lists and return the head node
       of resultant list */
    Node addTwoLists(Node first, 
                     Node second)
    {
        // res is head node of the 
        // resultant list
        Node res = null;
        Node prev = null;
        Node temp = null;
        int carry = 0, sum;
  
        // while both lists exist
        while (first != null ||
               second != null
        {
            // Calculate value of next digit 
            // in resultant list. The next 
            // digit is sum of following things
            // (i)  Carry
            // (ii) Next digit of first
            // list (if there is a next digit)
            // (ii) Next digit of second
            // list (if there is a next digit)
            sum = carry + (first != null ? first.data : 0) + 
                  (second != null ? second.data : 0);
  
            // Update carry for next calculation
            carry = (sum >= 10) ? 1 : 0;
  
            // Update sum if it is greater 
            // than 10
            sum = sum % 10;
  
            // Create a new node with sum as data
            temp = new Node(sum);
  
            // if this is the first node then set
            // it as head of the resultant list
            if (res == null
            {
                res = temp;
            }
  
            // If this is not the first
            // node then connect it to the rest.
            else 
            {
                prev.next = temp;
            }
  
            // Set prev for next insertion
            prev = temp;
  
            // Move first and second pointers
            // to next nodes
            if (first != null
            {
                first = first.next;
            }
            if (second != null
            {
                second = second.next;
            }
        }
  
        if (carry > 0
        {
            temp.next = new Node(carry);
        }
  
        // return head of the resultant 
        // list
        return res;
    }
  
    /* Utility function to print a 
       linked list */
    void printList(Node head)
    {
        while (head != null
        {
            System.out.print(head.data + 
                             " ");
            head = head.next;
        }
        System.out.println("");
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        LinkedList list = new LinkedList();
  
        // Creating first list
        list.head1 = new Node(7);
        list.head1.next = new Node(5);
        list.head1.next.next = new Node(9);
        list.head1.next.next.next = 
        new Node(4);
        list.head1.next.next.next.next =  
        new Node(6);
        System.out.print("First List is ");
        list.printList(head1);
  
        // Creating second list
        list.head2 = new Node(8);
        list.head2.next = new Node(4);
        System.out.print("Second List is ");
        list.printList(head2);
  
        // Add the two lists and see the result
        Node rs = list.addTwoLists(head1, head2);
        System.out.print("Resultant List is ");
        list.printList(rs);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Mayank Jaiswal

Output:

First List is 7 5 9 4 6 
Second List is 8 4 
Resultant list is 5 0 0 5 6 

Complexity Analysis: 

  • Time Complexity: O(m + n), where m and n are numbers of nodes in first and second lists respectively. 
    The lists need to be traversed only once.
  • Space Complexity: O(m + n). 
    A temporary linked list is needed to store the output number

Please refer complete article on Add two numbers represented by linked lists | Set 1 for more details!


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