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IntConsumer Interface in Java with Examples

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The IntConsumer Interface is a part of the java.util.function package which has been introduced since Java 8, to implement functional programming in Java. It represents a function which takes in one int-valued argument but does not return any value. The lambda expression assigned to an object of IntConsumer type is used to define its accept() which eventually applies the given operation on its only argument.It is similar to using an object of type Consumer<Integer> The IntConsumer interface consists of the following two functions:

accept()

This method accepts one value and performs the operation on its only argument. Syntax:

void accept(int value)

Parameters: This method takes in only one parameter:

  • value– the input argument

Returns: This method does not return any value. Below is the code to illustrate accept() method: 

Java

import java.util.function.IntConsumer;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        // Create a IntConsumer Instance
        IntConsumer display = a -> System.out.println(a * 10);
 
        // Using accept() method
        display.accept(3);
    }
}

                    
Output:
30

andThen()

It returns a composed IntConsumer wherein the parameterized IntConsumer will be executed after the first one. If the evaluation of either operation throws an error, it is relayed to the caller of the composed operation. Note: The operation being passed as the argument should be of type IntConsumer. Syntax:

default IntConsumer andThen(IntConsumer after)

Parameters: This method accepts a parameter after which is the IntConsumer to be applied after the current one. Return Value: This method returns a composed IntConsumer that first applies the current operation first and then the after operation. Exception: This method throws NullPointerException if the after operation is null. Below programs illustrate andThen() method: Program 1: 

Java

import java.util.function.IntConsumer;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        // Create a IntConsumer Instance
        IntConsumer display = a -> System.out.println(a * 10);
        IntConsumer mul = a -> a *= 10;
 
        // Using andThen() method
        IntConsumer composite = mul.andThen(display);
        composite.accept(3);
    }
}

                    
Output:
30

Program 2: To demonstrate when NullPointerException is returned. 

Java

import java.util.function.IntConsumer;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        try {
 
            // Create a IntConsumer Instance
            IntConsumer mul = a -> a *= 10;
            IntConsumer composite = mul.andThen(null);
            composite.accept(3);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Exception : " + e);
        }
    }
}

                    
Output:
Exception : java.lang.NullPointerException

Program 3: To demonstrate how an Exception in the after function is returned and handled. 

Java

import java.util.function.IntConsumer;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        try {
            // Create a IntConsumer Instance
            IntConsumer divide = a -> a = a / (a - 3);
            IntConsumer mul = a -> a *= 10;
            IntConsumer composite = mul.andThen(divide);
            composite.accept(3);
        }
 
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Exception : " + e);
        }
    }
}

                    
Output:
Exception : java.lang.ArithmeticException: / by zero


Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2022
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