Inplace vs Standard Operators in Python
Inplace Operators – Set 1, Set 2
Normal operators do the simple assigning job. On other hand, Inplace operators behave similarly to normal operators except that they act in a different manner in case of mutable and Immutable targets.
- The _add_ method, does simple addition, takes two arguments, returns the sum, and stores it in another variable without modifying any of the arguments.
- On the other hand, _iadd_ method also takes two arguments, but it makes an in-place change in 1st argument passed by storing the sum in it. As object mutation is needed in this process, immutable targets such as numbers, strings, and tuples, shouldn’t have _iadd_ method.
- Normal operator’s “add()” method, implements “a+b” and stores the result in the mentioned variable.
- Inplace operator’s “iadd()” method, implements “a+=b” if it exists (i.e in case of immutable targets, it doesn’t exist) and changes the value of the passed argument. But if not, “a+b” is implemented.
Case 1: Immutable Targets.
In Immutable targets, such as numbers, strings, and tuples. Inplace operators behave the same as normal operators, i.e only assignment takes place, no modification is taken place in the passed arguments.
Value after adding using normal operator : 11 Value after adding using Inplace operator : 11 Value of first argument using normal operator : 5 Value of first argument using Inplace operator : 5
Case 2: Mutable Targets
The behavior of Inplace operators in mutable targets, such as lists and dictionaries, is different from normal operators. The updation and assignment both are carried out in case of mutable targets.
Value after adding using normal operator : [1, 2, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3] Value of first argument using normal operator : [1, 2, 4, 5] Value after adding using Inplace operator : [1, 2, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3] Value of first argument using Inplace operator : [1, 2, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3]
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