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How to Use GIT with R and RStudio?

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Git is essential software for developing any big project. Many version control systems were present in the earlier days. Among them, one special software gets the attraction of the user. This was the Git software. But Git is not the same software that was used in that period. Git is a Distributed Version Control System. At that time, Centralised Version Control Systems were at their pick moment. That was complicated software to use for daily purposes. 

Git solves all of the shortcomings of the Centralized Version Management System and evolves into a new piece of software. From that time, the Distributed Version Control System gets its motion. To define the purpose of Git in small words, it can be said that it is a Timemachine of users’ work. For developing any big project, you need to implement any ideas. Some will be critical, while others will not be. Using the Git software, users can choose the correct implementation from their earlier processes.

R is a different type of programming language. Computer Science is a vast domain. There are several programming languages available. R is a similar type of programming language. R is the programming language, that is used only for the Statistical Field. Also, R programming language is essentially used for the Graphical Implementation process. 

Every programming language has its specific Editor. Like, C programming language & C++ programming language has the Dev C++ Editor. Java programming language uses the Eclipse Editor. Similarly, the RStudio Editor is used by the R programming language. This is a non but similar application to Dev C++ & Eclipse. But here, only the R programming language can be implemented. Users must have the R studio application installed on their PC in order to utilize Git. Otherwise, users can’t move ahead with the process.

Using Git With R and RStudio

Step 1: First, users must launch the Rstudio program. On the top of the screen, users will find an option called File. Users need to click on that. Then users will find some more options. Among them, users need to click on the New Project option.

Click on File and then select new file.


Step 2: A new tab will open there. Users need to click on the New Directory option provided there. This will open a new project window for the users.

Click on New Directory.


Step 3: Now, users need to select the type of project. As the R programming language is present in the machine, there will be an option for the R package. But, users need not click on it. That will create issues for the users. Users need to click on the New Project option.

click on the New Project option.


Step 4: Now, in the next window, users need to give the directory name. Other than providing the Directory name, users don’t need to do anything in that window. After giving the directory name, users need to click on the Create Project option.

Need to give the directory name,


Step 5: Now, after the creation of the project, users need to again click on the File tab. Then, users need to place the Cursor above that option to get some more new options. Then, users will find another set of options provided there. Users need to click on the RScript option. This will create an empty shell to write any R program.

Again click on the File tab and then select Rscript.


Step 6: Now, users will find a space before them. In normal cases, users need to write the R programs there. We must save the file when we have finished coding the program. Here also, we need to save the file if there are any changes made.

Note: As users are getting the instructions to use Git in Rstudio, in this case, users might not able to write an R program there. Users might not have enough knowledge regarding the R program at this time. So, users can write any information there. Otherwise, if users think they can simply write nothing there. An important step is to save the file. Whether there is any word written inside that file is not necessary. The essential is to save the file for further processing.

Write the R programs there.


Step 7: Now, on the left-hand side of the screen some tabs are present. Users need to click on the Git tab for more details. Under that Git tab, users will find some file names. Among that file names, users will find their saved file names also. Users need to click on the save file present there.

lick on the Git tab for more details.


Step 8: Now, above them, a Commit button will be present. Users need to click on the Commit button to use Git along with RStudio.

Note: Commit is a special term in the Git Application. There are several more other terms are present. In simple words, Commit means to save the file to the Git application. That means the R file will be saved to the Git application.

click on the Commit button to use Git along with RStudio.


Step 9: Now, a new window will open in front of the users. Users can provide some commit messages there. This is like a description of what they are doing. This helps to manage the steps in future in the Git. After writing some messages, users need to click on the Commit button provided there.

Provide some commit messages there.


Step 10: Now, a new window will open in front of the users. This is the confirmation window for the Commit process. This window describes that there is a change in the Git application. This is the symbol of successfully committing one message.

 symbol of successfully committing one message.


As a result, we were able to effectively use Git with R and RStudio.


Git is the software used for implementing some big projects. Git is not only used for Computer Science purposes. Git is used to get records of different files also. So, Git is an application that is used in every domain like writing. Git is the application that records all the changes made to the file from time to time. Using Git, users can get the earlier forms of that file. Simply, the Git application is the Timemachine for users’ work. R is a different type of programming language. RStudio is the editor that is used for implementing projects with the R programming language. The usage of the Git program with R and RStudio is demonstrated in this article. The details step-by-step using the process of Git with R & RStudio are mentioned here using proper screenshots.

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Last Updated : 09 Mar, 2023
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