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How to activate Tkinter menu and toolbar with keyboard shortcut or binding?
  • Last Updated : 26 Mar, 2021

You might have seen the menubar and toolbar in the various desktop apps, which are opened through shortcut keys. Don’t you know how to create such a menubar and toolbar which gets opened through a shortcut key? Have a read at the article and get to know the procedure to do the same. 

For activating the menubar and toolbar with the shortcut key, create the function for the menubar and toolbar with all the actions you want to perform from the menubar and toolbar respectively. After creating the functions for the menubar as well as a toolbar, write the following code to activate the menubar and toolbar.

app.bind(‘<#Shortcut key to activate menubar>’, #Function for menubar)

app.bind(‘<Shortcut key to activate toolbar>’, #Function for toolbar)

Step-by-step implementation:

Step 1: First, import the libraries tkinter and ttk.



from tkinter import *
from tkinter import ttk

Step 2: Now, create a GUI app using tkinter.

app=Tk()

Step 3: Then, set the title and geometry for your app.

app.title(“#Title of the app”)
app.geometry('#Dimensions you want to set of an app')

Step 4: Next, declare the function for menubar with event as None such that it works for every case.

def menubar_shortcut(event=None):

Once, you have declared the function, create the menu bar in it.

menubar = Menu()

Inside the function of menubar, declare all the widgets which you want to show in the menubar. Here, we have added the file cascade Menu in the menubar.

file=Menu(menubar, tearoff=False)
menubar.add_cascade(label='File', menu=file)

Further, display the menubar in the app.

app.config(menu=menubar)

Step 5: Moreover, declare the toolbar with event as None such that it works for every case.

def toolbar_shortcut(event=None):

Once you have created the toolbar function, create and display a label for the toolbar.



toolbar=ttk.Label(app)
toolbar.pack(side=TOP, fill=X)

Next, create and display the widgets which you want to show in the toolbar. Here, we have added the button bold_btn in the toolbar.

bold_btn=ttk.Button(toolbar, text="Bold")
bold_btn.grid(row=0, column=0, padx=5)

Step 6: Once you have created the function for menu bar as well as toolbar, bind the menu bar as well as toolbar with the shortcut key. Here, we add shortcut key ‘Ctrl+p’ for activating menubar while ‘Ctrl+q’ for activating toolbar.

app.bind('<Control-p>', menubar_shortcut)
app.bind('<Control-q>', toolbar_shortcut)

Step 7: Finally, Finally, make the loop for displaying the GUI app on the screen

app.mainloop()

Below is the full implementation:

Python




# Python program to activate menu and toolbar
# with keyboard shortcut key
  
# Import the libraries tkinter and ttk
from tkinter import *
from tkinter import ttk
  
# Create a GUI app
app = Tk()
  
# Setting the title and geomtry of the app
app.title('Vinayak App')
app.geometry('600x400')
  
# Creating function for menu bar
def menubar_shortcut(event = None):
    menubar = Menu()
      
    # Declare file and edit for showing in menu bar
    file = Menu(menubar, tearoff = False)
    edit = Menu(menubar, tearoff = False)
  
    # Display file and edit declared in previous step
    menubar.add_cascade(label = 'File', menu = file)
    menubar.add_cascade(label = 'Edit', menu = edit)
  
    # Display of menu bar in the app
    app.config(menu = menubar)
  
# Creating function for tool bar
def toolbar_shortcut(event = None):
    
    # Creating and displaying label for toolbar
    toolbar = ttk.Label(app)
    toolbar.pack(side = TOP, fill = X)
  
    # Creating and displaying of Bold button
    bold_btn = ttk.Button(toolbar, text = "Bold")
    bold_btn.grid(row=0, column = 0, padx = 5)
  
    # Creating and displaying of italic button
    italic_btn = ttk.Button(toolbar, text = "Italic")
    italic_btn.grid(row = 0, column = 1, padx = 5)
  
# Set up shortcut key for menu bar
app.bind('<Control-p>', menubar_shortcut)
  
# Set up shortcut key for tool bar
app.bind('<Control-q>', toolbar_shortcut)
  
# Make the loop for displaying app
app.mainloop()

Output:

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