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Generic Set In Java

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 24 Oct, 2020
Geek Week

The Set interface is present in java.util package. It is basically a collection of objects with no duplicate objects that means there can be no two objects in a Set e1 and e2 such that e1.equals(e2) and at most one null element. It is an interface that models the mathematical set. This interface inherits the features from the Collection interface and places a feature that restricts the addition of duplicate elements on its own. The two interfaces which implement the Set interface are SortedSet and NavigableSet.

Generic Set In Java

In this image, the NavigableSet inherits/extends the SortedSet. Now, since the Set doesn’t retain the original order of insertion of elements, so NavigableSet provides the implementation of this interface to navigate the set. TreeSet which is an implementation of a Red-Black Tree and implements the NavigableSet.

Declaration of a Set Interface 

public interface Set extends Collection{

}

Syntax of a Set



Set< Integer > set = new HashSet< Integer >();

Now, this is targeted to only Integer datatype. i.e only Integer instances can be put in the Set. If we try to put something else in the Set, the compiler will give an error. The checks of generic type occur at the time of compilation.

Syntax of a Generic Set

Set< T > set = new HashSet< T >();

Above syntax is a generalized way to use T to show the generic behavior of a Set which means that T can be replaced with any non-primitive like Integer, String, Double, Character, or any user-defined type.

Adding Elements To A Generic Set

add() method is used to add elements in a Set. If the element already exists in the Set, it returns false

Set<Character> set = new HashSet<Character>();

Character ch = 'a';
set.add(ch);

The difference is, if we try to add something which is not a Character, then the compiler will show an error.

Iterating a Generic Set

1.  We can use an iterator to iterate over a Set.

Set<Integer> set = new HashSet<Integer>();
    
Iterator<Iterator> it = set.iterator();

while(it.hasNext()){
  Integer aInt = iterator.next();
}

2.  Another way to iterate over a Set is to use Generic for-loop.

Set<String> set = new HashSet<String>;

for(String st : set) {
    System.out.println(st);
}

Example:

Java




// Java program to demonstrate Generic Set
  
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Set;
  
public class GenericSet {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // create an instance of Set using
        // generics
        Set<Integer> set1 = new HashSet<Integer>();
  
        // Add elements
        set1.add(100);
        set1.add(Integer.valueOf(101));
  
        // Create another set
        Set<String> set2 = new HashSet<String>();
  
        // Add elements
        set2.add("geeksforgeeks");
        set2.add("generics");
  
        // Iterate set1 using for-each loop
        for (Integer data : set1) {
            System.out.printf("Integer Value :%d\n", data);
        }
  
        // Iterate set2 using iterator
        Iterator<String> stringIt = set2.iterator();
  
        while (stringIt.hasNext()) {
            System.out.printf("String Value :%s\n",
                              stringIt.next());
        }
    }
}
Output
Integer Value :100
Integer Value :101
String Value :geeksforgeeks
String Value :generics

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