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GATE | GATE CS 2012 | Question 8

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A process executes the code
fork();
fork();
fork(); 
The total number of child processes created is (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 7 (D) 8

Answer: (C)

Explanation: Let us put some label names for the three lines
  fork ();    // Line 1
  fork ();   // Line 2
  fork ();   // Line 3

       L1       // There will be 1 child process created by line 1
    /     \
  L2      L2    // There will be 2 child processes created by line 2
 /  \    /  \
L3  L3  L3  L3  // There will be 4 child processes created by line 3
We can also use direct formula to get the number of child processes. With n fork statements, there are always 2^n – 1 child processes. Also see this post for more details.

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Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021
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