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Flora and Fauna of Ladakh

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  • Last Updated : 02 May, 2022

Because of its high elevation, Ladakh is continuously freezing cold and dry for the greater part of the year. The air is flimsy to such an extent that you can feel the sun’s hotness with the utmost intensity. In summers, the temperature during the day is simply over zero degrees and the night temperature is much underneath – 30°C. In winters the temperature stays as low as – 40°C more often than not.

The precipitation in this area is all around as low as 10 cm every year. This is on the grounds that it lies in the downpour shadow of the Himalayas. The region encounters freezing winds and consuming daylight. In this manner, on the off chance that you sit in the sun with your hand in the shade; you will encounter sunstroke as well as frostbite simultaneously.

Widely varied vegetation of Ladakh. In view of the outrageous dryness, you would track down scanty vegetation nearby. There are inadequate patches of grasses and bushes for creatures to eat. During the summers, trees of organic products like apples, apricots, and pecans sprout.

Ladakh Flora

 The verdure of Ladakh contains around 880 species. Ladakh is a rich archive of restorative and sweet-smelling plants and other significant plants which are firmly connected with day to day existence of neighborhood occupants of the area.

  • Aconitum violaceum: Aconitum violaceum is a lasting spice with a stem of 15-30 cm and leaves 4-8 cm across, palmately slice to the base into restricted portions. Blossoms in thick spike, dull blue, 2-2.5 cm, bracts little, direct. Follicles around 3-5, furry. The blossoming and fruiting of this are from Mid-June to August. It is found along water streams and sodden spots in Nubra, Zanskar, and Suru valleys between 2960-3600 m in height. The roots are utilized against cold, hack, asthma, fever, and gastric issues. Air-Dried underlying foundations of the plants are accounted for to contain 1% and aconitine.
  • Anaphalis Triplinervis: Anaphalis triplinervis is a smaller person tufted snow-capped spice whose stems are verdant and measure around 4-5 cms. It has many leaves which are limited lanceolate, white woolly, whole, or toothed. Blooming and fruiting are from Mid-July to August. It is found in snow-capped shakes and dry spots in Leh and Nubra valleys. An exceptionally appealing high elevated spice. The glue of bloom heads is utilized against wounds. The stem, leaves, blossoms, and organic products are helpful in constant infections and genital issues.
  • Aquilegia Fragrans: Aquilegia Fragrans is an aromatic perpetual its stem estimates 40-80 cm, much expanded, covered with glandular hairs. Leaves are compound, flyers 3-lobed with shallow teeth, pretty much glucose above. Blooming and fruiting are from July to mid-September. It is found along water streams and damp spots in Nubra and Suru Valleys between 2950-3205 m elevation. It is used as a decorative plant as a result of appealing and fragrant blossoms in spike.
  • Arnebia Guttata: Arnebia Guttata is an extremely Tufted bristly-haired perpetual spice. The stem is extended and covered with the base. Leaves are lash molded, gruffly covered with bristly white hairs. Blossoming and fruiting June to September. It is found on dry sandy spots in Changthang and Leh valleys at a height of around 3870 m. the root is utilized in the Sowa Rigpa arrangement of aspiratory issues. Roots yield a consumable and fat solvent red color, which is utilized by the neighborhood individuals for shading dishes and desserts.

Fauna and Wildlife Tourism in Ladakh

Like its novel scene, Ladakh likewise brags about being home to a few exceptional and intriguing types of vegetation making it a fascinating natural life objective with regard to India. The fauna of Ladakh shares much for all intents and purposes with that of Central Asia and Tibet, the greenery likewise matches that of the Tibetan Plateau. Be that as it may, what makes Ladakh a piece not the same as Central Asia is the assortment and number of birds it gets from the hotter pieces of India in the late spring season. Ladakh is noted for being home (extremely durable and impermanent) to upwards of 318 types of birds.

 The ibex is a significant fascination of Ladakh. Other than this, Ladakh is among few spots in India for snow panther locating. Bharal (blue sheep), Tibetan urial sheep (shapo), marmot, Tibetan argali sheep (nyan), and Tibetan wild ass are a portion of the ordinarily seen species in Ladakh. On the opposite side, Tibetan gazelle, Tibetan impala, red fox, lynx, Pallas’ feline, and Tibetan Wolf are a portion of the uncommon creature species seen in Ladakh.

Famous National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Ladakh

Hemis National Park

Named the biggest public park in India, Hemis is spread over a space of 4400 sq. km. This public park in Ladakh is renowned for its populace of snow panthers and is the top spot for natural life in the travel industry. It is accepted that the recreation area has the most noteworthy thickness of snow panther in any safeguarded region on the planet. The recreation area brags 15 species warm blooded creatures and 73 types of birds.

Karakoram (Nubra Shyok) Wildlife Sanctuary

A high elevation natural life asylum in Ladakh, Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary is in Leh District. It is principally significant as one of only a handful of exceptional spots in India with a transitory populace of Tibetan Antelope. The recreation area is likewise wealthy in the assortment of therapeutic plants out of which 15 species have been perceived as interesting and imperiled.

Popular Birds in Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Tufted 
  • Duck
  • Booted Eagle 
  • Golden Eagle
  • Gadwall
  • Grey Plover
  • Boarded Vultures

Popular Wild Animals in Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Tibetan Antelope
  • Shapo
  • Wild Yak
  • Bharal, Leopards
  • Himalayan Mouse
  • Lynx
  • Ibex
  • Argali
  • Ladakh Urial
  • Bactrian Camels

Changthang Cold Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

The natural life hold is situated in the Changthang level of Ladakh. It is home to a few intriguing types of creatures and birds. It is also home to around 200 types of wild plants.

Popular Birds in Changthang Cold Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Dark-necked Crane
  • Brown-headed Gulls
  • Brahminy Ducks

Popular Animals in Changthang Cold Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Tibetan Wild Ass or Kiang
  • Snow Leopards
  • Tibetan Gazelle
  • Wild Yak
  • Tibetan Argali
  • Tibetan Wolf

Sample Questions

Question 1: Portray the environment of Ladakh.

Answer: 

Due to its high height, Ladakh is continuously freezing cold and dry for the majority of the year. The air is slim to the point that you can feel the sun’s hotness with a burning intensity. In summers, the temperature during the day is simply over zero degrees and the night temperature is much underneath – 30°C. In winters the temperature stays as low as – 40°C more often than not.

The precipitation in this district is essentially as low as 10 cm every year. This is on the grounds that it lies in the downpour shadow of the Himalayas. The region encounters freezing winds and consuming daylight. Subsequently, assuming that you sit in the sun with your hand in the shade; you will encounter sunstroke as well as frostbite simultaneously.

Question 2: Which creatures are found in Ladakh?

Answer: 

Snow panther, ibex, Bharal (blue sheep), Tibetan urial sheep (shapo), marmot, Tibetan argali sheep (nyan), Tibetan wild ass, Tibetan gazelle, Tibetan eland, red fox, lynx, Pallas’ feline, and Tibetan Wolf are a portion of the creatures found in Ladakh.

Question 3: What fauna are found in Ladakh?

Answer: 

Picture result for fauna in Ladakh You can detect Yaks, ibex, Tibetan rabbit, Blue sheep, wild ass, Bharal, Marmot, the Tibetan gazelle, likewise called the Chiru and the Snow Leopard and so on.

Question 4: What widely varied vegetation are found in Ladakh?

Answer:

 During the summers, natural product trees, for example, apples, apricots and pecans develop. Fauna: Several types of birds are found in the Ladakh desert. Robins, redstarts, Tibetan snowcock, raven, and hoopoe are normal. The creatures found in this area are wild goats, wild sheep, yak, and exceptional sorts of canines.

Question 5: Which is the principle creature of Ladakh locale?

Answer: 

The virus desert of Ladakh is home to numerous warm blooded animals and birds that have adjusted to the super cold of the Indian Himalayas in various ways. Large numbers of Ladakh’s creatures are jeopardized like the snow panther, the Tibetan wolf, the Tibetan argali and the dark necked crane.

Question 6: What verdure are found in Ladakh What is the significant action in Ladakh?

Answer:

 Robins, redstarts, Tibetan snowcock, raven and hoopoe are normal. A portion of these are transient birds. The creatures of Ladakh are wild goats, wild sheep, yak and extraordinary sorts of canines. The creatures are raised to accommodate the milk, meat and stows away.


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