Finding the converging element of the diagonals in a square matrix

Given a square matrix, the task is to find the element of the matrix where the right and the left diagonal of this square matrix converge.**Example:**

Input:n = 5, matrix = [ 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 6 9 5 6 8 7 2 3 5 6 8 1 2 3 4 5 ]Output:6Input:n = 4, matrix = [ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 4 5 6 1 ]Output:NULL Here there no converging element at all. Hence the answer isnull.

**Approach:**

- If the number of rows and column of the matrix are even, then we just print NULL because there would be no converging element in the case of even number of rows and column.
- If the number of rows and column of the matrix are odd, find the mid-value of n as

mid = n/2

- The arr[mid][mid] itself is the converging diagonal element.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

`// C++ program to find the converging element` `// of the diagonals in a square matrix` `#include <malloc.h>` `#include <stdio.h>` `#include <stdlib.h>` `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `n = 5;` ` ` `int` `a[][5] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 },` ` ` `{ 5, 6, 7, 8, 6 },` ` ` `{ 9, 5, 6, 8, 7 },` ` ` `{ 2, 3, 5, 6, 8 },` ` ` `{ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 } };` ` ` `int` `convergingele, mid;` ` ` `int` `i, j;` ` ` `// If n is even, then convergence` ` ` `// element will be null.` ` ` `if` `(n % 2 == 0) {` ` ` `printf` `(` `"NULL\n"` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` `{` ` ` `// finding the mid` ` ` `mid = n / 2;` ` ` `// finding the converging element` ` ` `convergingele = a[mid][mid];` ` ` `printf` `(` `"%d\n"` `, convergingele);` ` ` `}` `}` |

## Java

`// Java program to find the converging element` `// of the diagonals in a square matrix` `class` `GFG` `{` ` ` `// Driver code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `n = ` `5` `;` ` ` `int` `a[][] = {{` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `},` ` ` `{` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `7` `, ` `8` `, ` `6` `},` ` ` `{` `9` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `8` `, ` `7` `},` ` ` `{` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `8` `},` ` ` `{` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `}};` ` ` `int` `convergingele, mid;` ` ` `int` `i, j;` ` ` `// If n is even, then convergence` ` ` `// element will be null.` ` ` `if` `(n % ` `2` `== ` `0` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `System.out.printf(` `"NULL\n"` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding the mid` ` ` `mid = n / ` `2` `;` ` ` `// finding the converging element` ` ` `convergingele = a[mid][mid];` ` ` `System.out.printf(` `"%d\n"` `, convergingele);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji` |

## Python3

`# Python3 program to find the converging element` `# of the diagonals in a square matrix` `# Driver code` `n ` `=` `5` `a ` `=` `[[ ` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `],` ` ` `[ ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `7` `, ` `8` `, ` `6` `],` ` ` `[ ` `9` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `8` `, ` `7` `],` ` ` `[ ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `8` `],` ` ` `[ ` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `]]` `# If n is even, then convergence` `# element will be null.` `if` `(n ` `%` `2` `=` `=` `0` `):` ` ` `print` `(` `"NULL"` `)` `else` `:` ` ` ` ` `# finding the mid` ` ` `mid ` `=` `n ` `/` `/` `2` ` ` `# finding the converging element` ` ` `convergingele ` `=` `a[mid][mid]` ` ` `print` `(convergingele)` `# This code is contributed by Mohit Kumar` |

## C#

`// C# iprogram to find the converging element` `// of the diagonals in a square matrix` `using` `System;` ` ` `class` `GFG` `{` ` ` `// Driver code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String []args)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `n = 5;` ` ` `int` `[,]a = {{1, 2, 3, 4, 5},` ` ` `{5, 6, 7, 8, 6},` ` ` `{9, 5, 6, 8, 7},` ` ` `{2, 3, 5, 6, 8},` ` ` `{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}};` ` ` `int` `convergingele, mid;` ` ` `// If n is even, then convergence` ` ` `// element will be null.` ` ` `if` `(n % 2 == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `Console.Write(` `"NULL\n"` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding the mid` ` ` `mid = n / 2;` ` ` `// finding the converging element` ` ` `convergingele = a[mid,mid];` ` ` `Console.Write(` `"{0}\n"` `, convergingele);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// Javascript program to find the converging element` `// of the diagonals in a square matrix` `// Driver code` ` ` `let n = 5;` ` ` `let a = [ [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ],` ` ` `[ 5, 6, 7, 8, 6 ],` ` ` `[ 9, 5, 6, 8, 7 ],` ` ` `[ 2, 3, 5, 6, 8 ],` ` ` `[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ] ];` ` ` `let convergingele, mid;` ` ` `let i, j;` ` ` `// If n is even, then convergence` ` ` `// element will be null.` ` ` `if` `(n % 2 == 0) {` ` ` `document.write(` `"NULL<br>"` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// finding the mid` ` ` `mid = parseInt(n / 2);` ` ` `// finding the converging element` ` ` `convergingele = a[mid][mid];` ` ` `document.write(convergingele + ` `"<br>"` `);` ` ` `}` `// This code is contributed by subhammahato348.` `</script>` |

**Output:**

6