Difference between == and is operator in Python

The == operator compares the values of both the operands and checks for value equality. Whereas is operator checks whether both the operands refer to the same object or not.

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# python3 code to 
# illustrate the 
# difference between
# == and is operator
# [] is an empty list
list1 = []
list2 = []
list3=list1
  
if (list1 == list2):
    print("True")
else:
    print("False")
  
if (list1 is list2):
    print("True")
else:
    print("False")
  
if (list1 is list3):
    print("True")
else:    
    print("False")

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Output:

True
False
True
  • Output of the first if condition is “True” as both list1 and list2 are empty lists.
  • Second if condition shows “False” because two empty lists are at different memory locations. Hence list1 and list2 refer to different objects. We can check it with id() function in python which returns the “identity” of an object.
  • Output of the third if condition is “True” as both list1 and list3 are pointing to the same object.




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list1 = []
list2 = []
  
print(id(list1))
print(id(list2))

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Output:

139877155242696
139877155253640

This shows list1 and list2 refers to different objects.



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