Debugging decorators in Python
Decorators in Python are really a very powerful feature. If you are a web developer and you have used the Django framework or even some other development frameworks you would have already come across decorators.
For an overview decorators are wrapper functions that wrap an existing function or a method and modify its features. Let’s take a short example. Consider that you have a speak function that returns a neutral message
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Suppose that you need to modify the function to return a message in a happy tone. So let’s create a decorator for this.
Hi, Geeks! You are happy!
Debugging a decorator
In this way, the decorators can also be used to modify different functions and make them more useful. However, there are some drawbacks to this process. When we wrap the original function in a decorator the metadata of the original function gets lost. Consider the below program but this time we use the decorator in another way just to make you understand.
If you try to access any of the metadata of the positive_message function it actually returns the metadata of the wrapper inside the decorator.
Hi! You are happy! speak Returns a neutral message wrapper None
These results make it really very difficult for debugging. But thanks to Python it also has a solution to fix this problem without much effort. We just need to use the functools.wraps() decorator included in the Python standard library.
Here’s an example:
Hi! You are happy! speak Returns a neutral message speak Returns a neutral message