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Count of elements that are Kth powers of their indices in given Array

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  • Last Updated : 02 Feb, 2022

Given an array arr[] with N non-negative integers, the task is to find the number of elements that are Kth powers of their indices, where K is a non-negative number.

arr[i] = iK 

Example:

Input: arr = [1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1], K = 0
Output: 3
Explanation: 3 elements are Kth powers of their indices:
00 is 1, 10 is 1, and 60 is 1

Input: arr = [0, 1, 4, 3], K = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: 02 is 0, 12 is 1, and 22 is 4

 

Approach: Given problem can be solved by finding the Kth powers of every index and checking if they are equal to the element present at that index. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a variable res to 0 for storing the answer
  • If the value of K is 0:
    • If the first element in the array arr exists and is equal to 1 then increment res by 1
  • Else if the value of K is greater than 0:
    • If the first element in the array arr exists and is equal to 0 then increment res by 1
  • If the second element in the array arr exists and is equal to 1 then increment res by 1
  • Iterate the array arr from index 2 till the end and at every index:
    • Initialize a variable indPow to the current index i and multiply it by i, k-1 times
    • If the value of indPow becomes equal to the current element arr[i] then increment res by 1
  • Return res as our answer

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ code for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find count of elements which
// are a non-negative power of their indices
int indPowEqualsEle(vector<int> arr, int K)
{
 
    // Length of the array
    int len = arr.size();
 
    // Initialize variable res for
    // calculating the answer
    int res = 0;
 
    // If the value of K is 0
    if (K == 0)
    {
 
        // If the first element is 1
        // then the condition is satisfied
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the value of K > 0
    if (K > 0)
    {
 
        // If the first is 0 increment res
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the second element is 1
    // then increment res
    if (len > 1 && arr[1] == 1)
        res++;
 
    // Iterate the array arr from index 2
    for (int i = 2; i < len; i++)
    {
 
        // Initialize a variable
        // to index which is to be
        // multiplied K-1 times
        long indPow = i;
 
        for (int j = 2; j < K; j++)
        {
 
            // Multiply current value
            // with index K - 1 times
            indPow *= i;
        }
 
        // If index power K is equal to
        // the element then increment res
        if (indPow == arr[i])
            res++;
    }
 
    // return the result
    return res;
}
 
// Driver function
int main()
{
 
    // Initialize an array
    vector<int> arr = {1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1};
 
    // Initialize power
    int K = 0;
 
    // Call the function
    // and print the answer
    cout << (indPowEqualsEle(arr, K));
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh

Java




// Java implementation for the above approach
 
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find count of elements which
    // are a non-negative power of their indices
    public static int
    indPowEqualsEle(int[] arr, int K)
    {
 
        // Length of the array
        int len = arr.length;
 
        // Initialize variable res for
        // calculating the answer
        int res = 0;
 
        // If the value of K is 0
        if (K == 0) {
 
            // If the first element is 1
            // then the condition is satisfied
            if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
                res++;
        }
 
        // If the value of K > 0
        if (K > 0) {
 
            // If the first is 0 increment res
            if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
                res++;
        }
 
        // If the second element is 1
        // then increment res
        if (len > 1 && arr[1] == 1)
            res++;
 
        // Iterate the array arr from index 2
        for (int i = 2; i < len; i++) {
 
            // Initialize a variable
            // to index which is to be
            // multiplied K-1 times
            long indPow = i;
 
            for (int j = 2; j < K; j++) {
 
                // Multiply current value
                // with index K - 1 times
                indPow *= i;
            }
 
            // If index power K is equal to
            // the element then increment res
            if (indPow == arr[i])
                res++;
        }
 
        // return the result
        return res;
    }
    // Driver function
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Initialize an array
        int[] arr = { 1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1 };
 
        // Initialize power
        int K = 0;
 
        // Call the function
        // and print the answer
        System.out.println(
            indPowEqualsEle(arr, K));
    }
}

Python3




# python code for the above approach
 
# Function to find count of elements which
# are a non-negative power of their indices
def indPowEqualsEle(arr, K):
 
    # Length of the array
    le = len(arr)
 
    # Initialize variable res for
    # calculating the answer
    res = 0
 
    # If the value of K is 0
    if (K == 0):
 
        # If the first element is 1
        # then the condition is satisfied
        if (le > 0 and arr[0] == 1):
            res += 1
 
    # If the value of K > 0
    if (K > 0):
 
        # If the first is 0 increment res
        if (le > 0 and arr[0] == 1):
            res += 1
 
    # If the second element is 1
    # then increment res
    if (le > 1 and arr[1] == 1):
        res += 1
 
    # Iterate the array arr from index 2
    for i in range(2, le):
 
        # Initialize a variable
        # to index which is to be
        # multiplied K-1 times
        indPow = i
 
        for j in range(2, K):
 
            # Multiply current value
            # with index K - 1 times
            indPow *= i
 
        # If index power K is equal to
        # the element then increment res
        if (indPow == arr[i]):
            res += 1
 
    # return the result
    return res
 
 
# Driver function
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    # Initialize an array
    arr = [1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1]
 
    # Initialize power
    K = 0
 
    # Call the function
    # and print the answer
    print(indPowEqualsEle(arr, K))
 
# This code is contributed by rakeshsahni

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections;
 
class GFG
{
   
// Function to find count of elements which
// are a non-negative power of their indices
static int indPowEqualsEle(int []arr, int K)
{
   
    // Length of the array
    int len = arr.Length;
 
    // Initialize variable res for
    // calculating the answer
    int res = 0;
 
    // If the value of K is 0
    if (K == 0)
    {
        // If the first element is 1
        // then the condition is satisfied
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the value of K > 0
    if (K > 0)
    {
        // If the first is 0 increment res
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the second element is 1
    // then increment res
    if (len > 1 && arr[1] == 1)
        res++;
 
    // Iterate the array arr from index 2
    for (int i = 2; i < len; i++)
    {
 
        // Initialize a variable
        // to index which is to be
        // multiplied K-1 times
        long indPow = i;
 
        for (int j = 2; j < K; j++)
        {
 
            // Multiply current value
            // with index K - 1 times
            indPow *= i;
        }
 
        // If index power K is equal to
        // the element then increment res
        if (indPow == arr[i])
            res++;
    }
 
    // return the result
    return res;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
   
    // Initialize an array
    int []arr = {1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1};
 
    // Initialize power
    int K = 0;
 
    // Call the function
    // and print the answer
    Console.Write(indPowEqualsEle(arr, K));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal

Javascript




//<script>
// Javascript program for the above approach
 
// Function to find count of elements which
// are a non-negative power of their indices
function indPowEqualsEle(arr, K)
{
 
    // Length of the array
    let len = arr.length;
 
    // Initialize variable res for
    // calculating the answer
    let res = 0;
 
    // If the value of K is 0
    if (K == 0)
    {
     
        // If the first element is 1
        // then the condition is satisfied
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the value of K > 0
    if (K > 0)
    {
     
        // If the first is 0 increment res
        if (len > 0 && arr[0] == 1)
            res++;
    }
 
    // If the second element is 1
    // then increment res
    if (len > 1 && arr[1] == 1)
        res++;
 
    // Iterate the array arr from index 2
    for (let i = 2; i < len; i++)
    {
     
        // Initialize a variable
        // to index which is to be
        // multiplied K-1 times
        let indPow = i;
 
        for (let j = 2; j < K; j++)
        {
 
            // Multiply current value
            // with index K - 1 times
            indPow *= i;
        }
 
        // If index power K is equal to
        // the element then increment res
        if (indPow == arr[i])
            res++;
    }
     
    // return the result
    return res;
}
 
// Driver Code
// Initialize an array
let arr = [ 1, 1, 4, 3, 16, 125, 1 ];
 
// Initialize power
let K = 0;
 
// Call the function
// and print the answer
document.write(indPowEqualsEle(arr, K));
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal
</script>
Output
3

Time Complexity: O(N * K)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)


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