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Agile Software Development Methodology | Framework, Principles, and Benefits

Last Updated : 10 Jan, 2024
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Agile Software Development Methodology in software development is an efficient methodology that helps teams produce high-quality software quickly and with flexibility. Agile is not just a methodology; it’s a mindset. At its core, Agile values individuals and interactions, working solutions, and customer collaboration over strict processes and comprehensive documentation. It acknowledges that the needs and priorities of a project may change, emphasizing the importance of adaptability and continuous improvement.

Agile Software Development Methodology

Agile Software Development Methodology

We will explore the details of the Agile Software Development Methodology, including Agile framework in Software Development, and core values and principles of Agile. We will also look into how companies make use of Agile in its day-to-day function, and guide you in selecting the most suitable Agile Software Development Methodology for your organization.

What is Agile Software Development Framework?

An Agile Software Development framework refers to a collection of practices and principles that guide the development, execution, and management of software development projects. Agile Software Development Methodology enhance collaboration, customer feedback, and quick iterations. Unlike other software development methods, Agile does not offer a solution; instead, it offers various frameworks customized to specific industries, project types, and team sizes.


What is Agile Methodology in Software Development?

Agile Software Development Methodology is a project management approach that allows successful and efficient execution of the project while emphasizing the improvement of a project and team collaboration. The approach is applicable in software development for flexibility, customer satisfaction, and collaboration. It refers to the application of a set of principles that functions through an interactive and incremental approach. The Agile Software Development Methodology emphasizes the importance of team collaboration and delivering a working product quickly to meet customer needs and expectations. 

4 Core Values of Agile Software Development

The Agile Software Development Methodology Manifesto describe four core values of Agile in software development

4 Core Values of Agile in Software Development

4 Core Values of Agile Software Development Methodology

  1. Individuals and Interactions over Processes and Tools
  2. Working Software over Comprehensive Documentation
  3. Customer Collaboration over Contract Negotiation
  4. Responding to Change over Following a Plan

12 Principles of Agile Software Development Methodology

The Agile Manifesto is based on four values and twelve principles that form the basis, for methodologies.


12 Principles of Agile Software Development Methodology

These principles include:

  1. Ensuring customer satisfaction through the early delivery of software.
  2. Being open to changing requirements in the stages of the development.
  3. Frequently delivering working software with a main focus on preference for timeframes.
  4. Promoting collaboration between business stakeholders and developers as an element.
  5. Structuring the projects around individuals. Providing them with the necessary environment and support.
  6. Prioritizing face to face communication whenever needed.
  7. Considering working software as the measure of the progress.
  8. Fostering development by allowing teams to maintain a pace indefinitely.
  9. Placing attention on excellence and good design practices.
  10. Recognizing the simplicity as crucial factor aiming to maximize productivity by minimizing the work.
  11. Encouraging self organizing teams as the approach to design and build systems.
  12. Regularly reflecting on how to enhance effectiveness and to make adjustments accordingly.

Analysis of Agile Software Development Methodology

Agile Software Development Methodology brings about a change, in software development. The core values of Agile are described in the Agile Manifesto places a higher priority on peoples and their interactions, practical solutions and collaboration with customers than being solely focused on processes and tools. This approach promotes flexibility, customer satisfaction and continuous improvement.

The iterative nature of Agile enables evaluations and adjustments throughout the software development projects lifecycle. This leads to delivery and better alignment, with the needs of customers. Additionally it encourages the formation of functional teams which allow both the timely resolution of issues and effective problem solving as challenges arise.

There are Agile frameworks that have gained recognition in the software development world. Some of the known ones include:

1. Scrum

Scrum is the type of Agile Framework, widely known for its incremental approach. It involves sprint cycles, daily stand-up meetings, and a focus, on product backlogs.

Features of Scrum in software development:

  • Scrum is light-weighted framework
  • Scrum emphasizes self-organization
  • Scrum is simple to understand
  • Scrum framework help the team to work together

2. Kanban

Kanban focuses on visualizing the workflow, limiting work in progress, and optimizing work flow. It’s a framework for both technical and non-technical teams.

Features of Kanban in Software Development

  • Kanban visualizes the workflow, It is crucial to visualize and make visible the workflow in order to understand how work is done.
  • Kanban encourages small incremental, continuous, and evolutionary changes. 
  • Kanban sets limits on the number of tasks that can be worked on at the same time, promoting a steady controlled workflow.
  • Kanban support early feedback from clients and the pull system are important

3. Lean Software Development

Lean software development is an agile framework that aim to eliminate waste improve efficiency and maximize the value delivery. They can be applied not to software development but across various industries.

Features of LSD in Software Development

  • LSD removes the unnecessary process stages when designing software.
  • LSD simplifies the development process and saves time by removing unnecessary stages.
  • LSD reduces waste by minimizing unnecessary features.
  • LSD enhance innovation through experimentation and creativity.

4. SAFe (Scaled Agile Framework)

SAFe is specifically designed for the use of organizations. It provides a framework for scaling practices to an enterprise level while ensuring both alignment and collaboration across teams.

Features of SAFe in Software Development

  • SAFe promotes alignment between teams and individuals at all levels of the organization.
  • SAFe accelerates product development and delivery.
  • SAFe enhanced product quality
  • SAFe enhance a culture of openness and visibility within organizations. 

5. Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming is an agile framework that focuses on practices and it is particularly suitable for software development projects. It encourages integration, test driven development and close collaboration, with customers.

Features of Extreme Programming in Software Development

  • The XP model is very useful in small projects.
  • The XP model is well-suited for web development projects.
  • The XP model is useful for collaborative projects
  • The XP model can be used in projects that have a tight deadline.

Choosing the Best Agile Software Development Framework

Choosing the framework, for your organization relies on multiple considerations, such as the nature of the project team size, industry and the level of Agile expertise. It’s crucial to evaluate your requirements and objectives to making a decision. To ensure suitability gather insights, from teams and key stakeholders. Certain frameworks may be better suited for software development while others offer versatility across project types.

Google uses a scaled Agile framework called Nexus to manage its large and complex product development initiatives.

Future of Agile Software Development Framework

Agile Software Development Methodology is becoming increasingly important and relevant as businesses strive to keep up with markets and customer needs. The flexibility and customer centric approach offered by Agile will continue to be valuable, in the future. It is possible that Agile will evolve to include new technologies like automation and artificial intelligence to increase productivity.

How Do Companies Use Agile Software Development Methodology?

Many companies, across industries have adopted methodologies to enhance their product management and also project execution. Agile methodology promotes collaboration within teams facilitating decision making, streamlined processes and the ability to adapt swiftly based on market feedback. Here are a few ways in which companies utilize Agile;

  • Software Development: Agile is widely employed in software development to deliver high quality updates that align with the customer needs.
  • Product Management: By embracing principles product managers can iterate on product features prioritize enhancements and adjust their strategies according to the market changes.
  • Marketing: Agile marketing teams leverage sprints and continuous feedback loops to optimize campaigns which effectively respond to customer preferences.
  • Manufacturing: Implementing principles in manufacturing results, in production processes waste reduction and enhanced product quality.

Amazon uses a variety of Agile frameworks, including Scrum and Kanban, to develop and deliver its products and services.

Spotify uses a scaled Agile framework called SAFe to coordinate the work of its thousands of engineers.

Benefits of Agile Software Development

The Agile framework provides benefits, such, as;

  • Increased flexibility: Agile allows for adapting requirements and priorities to ensure that the final product meets customer needs.
  • Time to market: By using iterations and incremental development valuable features or products can be delivered faster.
  • Enhanced quality: Continuous feedback and testing together contribute to the production of higher quality deliverables.
  • Improved collaboration: Agile promotes collaboration and communication among functional teams fostering better teamwork.
  • Heightened customer satisfaction: Regular feedback, from customers drives product improvements and ensures customer satisfaction.


The Agile Software Development Methodology is a game changing approach, to managing projects, developing products and encouraging collaboration within the teams. It provides a range of frameworks to choose from each specifically designed according to needs and situations. By these methodologies, the companies can keep up with the evolving business landscape deliver much enhanced value to customers and also consistently refine their processes. The future of Agile appears bright as it continuously adapts to business demands and evolves according to the demands of businesses.

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