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Why Chotanagpur plateau has huge concentration of steel industries?

Last Updated : 05 Jun, 2023
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The Chota Nagpur Plateau is an eastern Indian level that incorporates a lot of Jharkhand as well as neighboring segments of Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, and Chhattisgarh. Toward the north and east of the level is the Indo-Gangetic Plain, while toward the south is the Mahanadi waterway bowl. The environment in the Chota Nagpur Plateau is wonderful. The Son waterway goes through the level and enters the Ganga. The level’s typical height is 700 meters above ocean level.

The Chota Nagpur Plateau

The Chotanagpur level is the Indian Peninsula’s north-eastern augmentation. Generally in Jharkhand, northern Chhattisgarh, and West Bengal’s Purulia region. The Son waterway goes through the level and enters the Ganga. The level’s typical height is 700 meters above ocean level. This level is for the most part comprised of Gondwana rocks. The level is depleted in different headings by numerous waterways and streams, bringing about an outspread waste framework. Waterways like the Damodar, Subarnarekha, North Koel, South Koel, and Barkar have shaped colossal waste bowls. The Damodar River moves through the focal point of this locale, shaping a fracture valley from west to east.

The Gondwana coal fields, which supply most of India’s coal, are situated here. The Hazaribagh level, found north of the Damodar stream, has a typical level of 600 meters above mean ocean level. There are singular slopes on this level. Due to huge scope disintegration, it is by all accounts a peneplain. Toward the south of the Damodar Valley, the Ranchi Plateau ascends to around 600 m above mean ocean level. Where the city of Ranchi (661 m) is found, most of the landscape is rolling.

Monadnocks (a detached slope or edge of disintegration-safe stone transcending a peneplain) hinder it in spots. Ayers Rock in Australia is an illustration of a cone-like slope. The Rajmahal Hills, which contain the northwestern limit of the Chotanagpur Plateau, are generally framed of basalt and are covered with basaltic magma streams. They go north-south and arrive at a height of 400 m overall (the most elevated mount is 567 m). These slopes have been partitioned into levels.

Formation of Chota Nagpur Plateau

The Chota Nagpur Plateau is a mainland level or a huge locale of land pushed over the encompassing country. The level was created by mainland elevate brought about by powers somewhere inside the earth. The Gondwana substrates give proof of the level’s antiquated beginning. It is a part of the Deccan Plate, which split away from the southern landmass during the Cretaceous time frame and started a 50-million-year trip that was stopped by an impact with the Eurasian mainland. This Eco region is situated in the northeastern part of the Deccan Plateau, which was the earliest resource with Eurasia.

Chotanagpur Plateau Region has the most extreme convergence of Iron and Steel enterprises on the grounds that

  • Low expense of iron metal is accessible
  • The high-grade unrefined substance is in nearness
  • Cheap work
  • The vast development of possible the home blemish

The elements liable for the convergence of iron and steel businesses in and around the ‘Chotanagpur Plateau Region’ are as per the following:

  1. Low expense of iron metal Iron mines is situated in the close by regions. It assists with diminishing the transportation cost of the iron metal to the ventures.
  2. High-grade unrefined substances in closeness. Other cumbersome natural substances like coking coal, and limestone are additionally accessible in the vicinity.
  3. Availability of modest work From the bordering areas of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha modest work is accessible in overflow.
  4. Dense vehicle network This district is very much associated with streets and railroads that assist in the quick development of natural substances and completed products to the business and market regions, separately.
  5. Port offices Kolkata is an advanced port that is close to this area.

FAQs on Chotanagpur plateau has a huge concentration of steel industries

Q 1. Which type of soil is found in the Chota Nagpur Plateau?


It has predominantly red soil, that is derived from peculiar rock formation. It is compose primarily of archean rocks of granite and gneiss.

Q 2. What are the reasons for the growth of the mineral-based industry in the Chota Nagpur Plateau?


Important reasons for the growth of the mineral-based industry in the Chota Nagpur plateau are:

  1. Low cost of iron ore available
  2. High-grade raw material
  3. Cheap labor availability

Q 3. Why Chota Nagpur Plateau is called the heart of industrial India?


Chota Nagpur Plateau is referred to as the heart of industrial India because it is rich in minerals as well as power fuels.

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