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Why are Rivers important for the Country’s Economy?

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  • Last Updated : 03 Aug, 2022
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Rivers are naturally flowing bodies of water, usually freshwater, that flow toward the sea, sea, lake, or another river. In some cases, the river flows into the ground and dries without reaching other bodies of water at the end of the course. Small rivers are referred to by names such as streams, streams, streams, and streams. 

The river is part of the water cycle. Water generally collects in rivers from precipitation from water bodies of water from other sources such as surface runoffs, groundwater replenishment, springs, and the release of water stored in natural ice and snow.  The river is often considered a major feature of the landscape. But in reality, they cover only about 0.1% of the Earth’s land. 

As many human cities and civilizations are built around freshwater supplied by rivers and streams, they are becoming more obvious and meaningful to humans. Most of the world’s major cities are located on the banks of rivers because they are used as water,  food, transportation, borders, and hydropower sources. Powers machinery, bathing, and waste disposal. In the pre-Industrial Revolution, larger rivers were a major obstacle to the movement of people, objects, and troops across them. Cities often occurred in several places that could be passed. Many big cities like London are at the lowest point where rivers can bridge.


An economy is a broad set of interrelated production, consumption, and exchange activities that help determine how scarce resources are allocated. The production, consumption, and distribution of goods and services are used to satisfy the needs of the people who live and operate in an economy, also known as an economic system.

Everyone, from individuals to entities such as families, businesses, and governments, is involved in this process. The economy of a particular region or country is governed by culture, law, history, and geography, among other factors, and it evolves as a result of the choices and actions of its participants. family. For this reason, no two economies are exactly alike.

Importance of Rivers for Country’s Economy

Rivers are very important to a country’s economy because they are a valuable natural resource. In addition to providing water for irrigation operations, they also ensure soil fertility by carrying mineral-rich silt. They are also used to generate hydroelectricity and are useful for navigation and transportation.

Food is also abundant in rivers, which contain fish and other marine life. Rivers have some drawbacks. Rivers increase the risk of flooding. If you have fertile land, you can grow crops. If they have enough food and water, they can even raise livestock.

Water and nutrients are transported by rivers to regions of the world. In the water cycle, they play a very important role as they act as drainage channels for surface water. Rivers consume about 75% of the earth’s surface. For many terrestrial species, rivers provide excellent food and habitat. Rivers play an important role in the economy of the country because their water is a basic natural resource that is necessary for various human activities. – 

  1. For irrigation, rivers provide water. 
  2. They feed the world with fertility.  
  3. For navigation, they are very useful.  
  4. They contribute to the production of hydroelectricity. 
  5. They contribute to the growth of tourism. 
  6. For various household uses, they provide water. 
  7. They assist the fishermen. 
  8. They help to reduce the weather and climate of the surrounding areas.  
  9. Entertainment-People are allowed to swim and play or fish, kayak, etc.
  10. They provide clean water, transportation, affordable electricity, and livelihoods to many people around the world. 

This easily explains why almost all major cities in India are located along the river banks. Note: – For commercial shipping, rivers, lakes, and oceans include natural routes. Water is affected by all sectors of the US economy. 94% of the country’s depleted groundwater, streams, rivers, and reservoirs support energy production, food production, and water supply. Since there are seven great rivers namely Indus, Tapi, Narmada, Brahmaputra, Krishna, Godavari, and Mahanadi, India is called the land of rivers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: How are rivers considered the lifeline of a country?  


River water is a basic natural resource, necessary for various human activities. The riverbanks have attracted settlers since ancient times. These settlements  also became great cities, which is why rivers are considered the lifeline of human civilization.

Question 2: What are the east and west flowing rivers?  


The eastern rivers  Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and  Kaveri  are the main rivers flowing eastward of the peninsular plateau. On the other hand, the  Narmada and  Tapi rivers flowing westward are the main rivers flowing westward from the peninsular plateau.

Question 3: Why is water important to society and the economy?


Water is at the heart of sustainable development and is essential for socio-economic development, energy,food production and ecosystem health. Water is also at the heart of  climate change adaptation, serving as an essential link between society and the environment.

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