Numeral Systems is a mathematical notation used for counting and calculating objects, and for executing arithmetic calculations. It is a writing system for representing numbers. It gives an exceptional depiction of every number and constitutes the arithmetic and algebraic form of the number. It allows us to operate arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

An equation is a declaration that joins two algebraic expressions of the same values with the â€˜=â€™ sign. For example: In equation 8x + 4 = 7, 8x + 4 is the left-hand side expression and 7 is the right-hand side expression connected with the â€˜=â€™ sign.

**What is a Number?**

A word or sign that designates an amount is known as a number. The numbers 4,6,8 etc. are even numbers and 3,5,7 etc. are odd numbers. A number is a value generated by a mixture of digits. These numbers are used to represent an algebraic number. A digit is an indication from a group of 10 numbers ranging from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Any combination of integers represents a number. The size of a Number depends on the count of digits that are used for its growth. For Example: 136, 198, 0.245, -16, 98, 96 etc.

**Types of Numbers**

**Types of Numbers**

Numbers are of various types depending upon the pattern of digits that are used for their development. Various characters and rules are also put in the Numbers which classify them into a diversity of different types,

**Integers**

Integers are a group of Whole Numbers plus the negative values of the Natural Numbers. Integers do not cover fraction numbers i.e. they canâ€™t be written in a/b form. The scope of Integers is from the Infinity at the Negative end and Infinity at the Positive end, including zero. Integers are shown by the symbol Z. Integers are those digits whose fractional part is 0 like -5, -4, 1, 0, 20, 200.

**Natural Numbers**

Natural Numbers are numbers that scope from 1 to infinity. These numbers are also described as Positive Numbers or Counting Numbers. We can also show Natural numbers by the symbol N. All the integers which are greater than 0 are natural numbers, Counting numbers like 5,6,7,8,9,10.

**Whole Numbers**

Whole Numbers are similar to Natural Numbers, but they also include â€˜zeroâ€™. Whole numbers can also be shown by the symbol W. Whole numbers include all natural numbers and 0 (zero).

**Prime Numbers and Composite Numbers**

All those numbers which are having only two definite components, the number itself and 1, are called prime numbers. All the numbers which are not Prime Numbers are known as Composite Numbers except 0. Zero is neither a prime nor a composite number. Some prime numbers are 3, 5, 7, 57, 51, 67, and 391. All numbers which are greater than 1 are composite numbers. Some composite numbers are 7, 5, 3, 17, 15, and 200.

**Fractions**

Fractions are the integers that correspond in the shape of a/b, where, a represent Whole numbers and b represent Natural Numbers, i.e., b can never be 0. The upper part of the fraction i.e. a is described as a Numerator whereas the lower part i.e. b is termed as Denominators. Example: -1/5, 0.25, 2/5, 18/4, …

**Rational Numbers**

Rational numbers are the numbers that can be shown in the fraction form i.e. a/b. Here, a and b both are numbers and b is not equal to 0. All the fractions are rational numbers but not all the rational numbers are fractions. Example: -2/5, 0.54, 1/5, 13/4, …

**Irrational Numbers**

Irrational numbers are the numbers that can not be shown in the form of fractions i.e. they can not be written as a/b. Example: âˆš2, âˆš3, âˆš.434343, Ï€…

**Real and Imaginary Numbers**

Real numbers are numbers that can be shown in decimal form. These numbers involve whole numbers, integers, fractions, etc. All the numbers belong to Real numbers but all the real numbers do not belong to the integers. Imaginary Numbers are all those numbers that are not real numbers. These numbers when squared will show a negative number. The âˆš-1 is represented as i. These numbers are also called complex numbers. Example: âˆš-2, âˆš-5,…

### What two numbers have a sum of 8 and their difference is 2?

**Solution:**

Let the 1st number = a

Let the 2nd number = b

Sum of the two number = a+b = 8

a = 8âˆ’b…(i)

Difference of the two number = aâˆ’b = 2…(ii)

Put a = 8âˆ’b in eq..(ii)

= a-b = 2 (eq.2)

= 8âˆ’bâˆ’b=2{a=8-b}

= âˆ’b-b = 2-8

= -2b = -6

âˆ´b = 3

a = 8âˆ’b = 8âˆ’3=5

First number i.e., a = 5

Second number i.e., b = 3

**Similar Questions**

**Similar Questions**

**Question 1: The sum of the two numbers is 10 and their difference is 2. What are the two numbers?**

**Solution:**

Let the 1st number = a

Let the 2nd number = b

Sum of the two number = a+b = 10

a = 10âˆ’b…(i)

Difference of the two number = aâˆ’b = 2…(ii)

Put a = 10âˆ’b in eq..(ii)

= a-b = 2 (eq.2)

=10âˆ’bâˆ’b = 2{a=10-b}

= âˆ’b-b=2-10

= -2b=-8

âˆ´b = 4

a = 10âˆ’b = 10âˆ’4 = 6

First number i.e., a = 6

Second number i.e., b = 4

**Question 2: The sum of the two numbers is 12 and their difference is 4. What are the two numbers?**

**Solution:**

Let the 1st number =a

Let the 2nd number =b

Sum of the two number = a + b = 12

a = 12âˆ’b…(i)

Difference of the two number = aâˆ’b = 4…(ii)

Put a = 12âˆ’b in eq..(ii)

= a-b = 4 (eq.2)

= 12âˆ’bâˆ’b = 4{a=10-b}

= âˆ’b – b = 4-12

= -2b = -8

âˆ´b = 4

a=12âˆ’b=12âˆ’4=8

First number i.e., a = 8

Second number i.e., b = 4