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What is the use of the filter Property in CSS?

Last Updated : 01 Feb, 2024
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The Filter property in CSS is a tool used for applying visual effects to elements, altering their appearance or rendering. It allows us to apply a variety of filters, such as adjusting brightness, contrast, blurring, and more.

Note: More than one filter can be added to the HTML element which is separated by the space.


filter: none | blur( ) | brightness( ) | contrast( ) | drop-shadow( ) |
grayscale( ) | hue-rotate( ) | invert( ) |opacity() | saturate( ) | sepia( ) |
url( );

Common Functions

  • grayscale(value): Converts the element to grayscale. The value is a percentage (0% for no grayscale, 100% for full grayscale).
  • blur(value): Applies a blur effect to the element. The value is a length, representing the radius of the blur.
  • brightness(value): Adjusts the brightness of the element. The value is a percentage (0% for black, 100% for normal brightness).
  • contrast(value): Adjusts the contrast of the element. The value is a percentage (0% for no contrast, 100% for normal contrast).
  • sepia(value): Applies a sepia tone to the element. The value is a percentage (0% for no sepia, 100% for full sepia).

Combining Functions

Multiple filter functions can be combined to achieve complex visual effects.

.element {
filter: brightness(120%) contrast(80%);

Uses of the filter Property

  • Allows modification of image properties like brightness, contrast, saturation, and hue.
  • Enables the application of visual effects such as blurring, grayscale, and inverting colors.
  • Can be applied to background images or elements with background properties.
  • Ideal for creating dynamic hover effects by transitioning between filtered and unfiltered states.
  • Provides a way to apply consistent visual effects across different browsers.
  • Allows the combination of multiple filters for more complex visual transformations.
  • Enhances the appearance of UI elements by applying subtle filters for a polished and modern look.

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