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Spring MVC – Multiple View Page

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A view page is redirected to another view page in this example. Let’s look at a simple Spring Web MVC framework sample. The procedure is as follows:

  1. In the case of Maven, load the spring jar files or add dependencies.
  2. Make your controller class.
  3. Provide a controller entry in the web.xml file.
  4. In a separate XML file, define the bean.
  5. Make the rest of the view components.
  6. Start the server and make the project available.

Example Project

Project structure:

Project structure

Step 1. Add dependencies to pom.xml

You can download the required dependencies from URLs given in the comments of the program.

XML

         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0
                             http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
   
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.geeksforgeeks</groupId>
  <artifactId>SpringMVCMultipleViewPage</artifactId>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>SpringMVCMultipleViewPage Maven Webapp</name>
  <dependencies>
     
    <dependency>
        <groupId>junit</groupId>
        <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
        <version>3.8.1</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
     
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
        <version>5.1.1.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
 
    <dependency
        <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId
        <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId
        <version>3.0-alpha-1</version
    </dependency>
     
  </dependencies>
  <build>
    <finalName>SpringMVCMultipleViewPage</finalName>
  </build>
</project>

                    

Step 2. Make your request page

Let’s start by making a simple jsp page with a link.

index.jsp

HTML

<html>
<body>
    <a href="hello">Click here to go next...</a>
</body>
</html>

                    

Step 3. Develop a controller class

Let’s start by developing a controller class that returns JSP pages. To map the class, we supply the exact name using a @Requestmapping annotation.

GfgController.java

Java

package com.geeksforgeeks;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
 
@Controller
public class GfgController
{
  @RequestMapping("/hello")
      public String redirect()
      {
          return "viewpage";
      }   
   
  @RequestMapping("/helloagain")
  public String display()
  {
      return "final";
  }
}

                    

Step 4. Provide the entry of controller in the web.xml file

web.xml

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app>
  <display-name>SpringMVC</display-name>
   <servlet
    <servlet-name>spring</servlet-name
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>   
</servlet
<servlet-mapping
    <servlet-name>spring</servlet-name
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern
</servlet-mapping
</web-app>

                    

Step 5. In the XML file, define the bean

  • We now provide a view resolver with the view component.
  • For the ViewResolver, the InternalResourceViewResolver class is utilized.
  • For the view component, the prefix+string returned by the controller+suffix page will be used.
  • This XML file should be placed in the WEB-INF folder.

spring-servlet.xml

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    xsi:schemaLocation="
 
    <!-- Add support for component scanning -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.geeksforgeeks" />
 
    <!--Add support for conversion, formatting and validation -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>
   
    <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>       
     </bean>
   
</beans>

                    

Step 6. Create the other view components

viewpage.jsp

HTML

<html>
<body>
    <a href="helloagain">We are going to visit GeeksForGeeks</a>
</body>
</html>

                    

final.jsp

HTML

<html>
<body>
     
 
<p>Welcome to GeeksForGeeks</p>
 
 
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:

Output

After clicking the “Click here to go next…” link following page will be shown

Output

And after clicking on the above link this page will be shown

Output



Last Updated : 03 Jun, 2022
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