Sort elements of the array that occurs in between multiples of K

Given an array arr[] and an integer K. The task is to sort the elements that are in between any two multiples of K.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {2, 1, 13, 3, 7, 8, 21, 13, 12}, K = 2
Output: 2 1 3 7 13 8 13 21 12
The multiples of 2 in the array are 2, 8 and 12.
The elements that are in between the first two multiples of 2 are 1, 13, 3 and 7.
Hence these elements in sorted order are 1, 3, 7 and 13.
Similarly, the elements between 8 and 12 in sorted order will be 13 and 21.



Input: arr[] = {11, 10, 9, 7, 4, 5, 12, 22, 13, 15, 17, 16}, K = 3
Output: 11 10 9 4 5 7 12 13 22 15 17 16

Approach: Traverse the array and keep track of the multiples of K, starting from the 2nd multiple of K sort every element between the current and the previous multiple of K. Print the updated array in the end.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

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// C++ implementation of the approach
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Utility function to print
// the contents of an array
void printArr(int arr[], int n)
{
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        cout << (arr[i]) << " ";
}
  
// Function to sort elements
// in between multiples of k
void sortArr(int arr[], int n, int k)
{
  
    // To store the index of
    // previous multiple of k
    int prev = -1;
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) 
    {
        if (arr[i] % k == 0)
        {
  
            // If it is not the
            // first multiple of k
            if (prev != -1)
  
                // Sort the elements in between 
                // the previous and the current 
                // multiple of k
                sort(arr + prev + 1, arr + i);
  
            // Update previous to be current
            prev = i;
        }
    }
  
    // Print the updated array
    printArr(arr, n);
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = {2, 1, 13, 3, 7, 
                 8, 21, 13, 12};
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    int k = 2;
    sortArr(arr, n, k);
}
  
// This code is contributed by
// Surendra_Gangwar

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Java

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// Java implementation of the approach
import java.util.Arrays;
class GFG {
  
    // Utility function to print
    // the contents of an array
    static void printArr(int arr[], int n)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
    }
  
    // Function to sort elements
    // in between multiples of k
    static void sortArr(int arr[], int n, int k)
    {
  
        // To store the index of
        // previous multiple of k
        int prev = -1;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (arr[i] % k == 0) {
  
                // If it is not the
                // first multiple of k
                if (prev != -1)
  
                    // Sort the elements in between 
                    // the previous and the current 
                    // multiple of k
                    Arrays.sort(arr, prev + 1, i);
  
                // Update previous to be current
                prev = i;
            }
        }
  
        // Print the updated array
        printArr(arr, n);
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = { 2, 1, 13, 3, 7, 8, 21, 13, 12 };
        int n = arr.length;
        int k = 2;
        sortArr(arr, n, k);
    }
}

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Python3

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# Python3 implementation of the approach
  
# Utility function to print
# the contents of an array
def printArr(arr, n) :
    for i in range(n) :
        print(arr[i], end = " ");
  
# Function to sort elements
# in between multiples of k
def sortArr(arr, n, k) :
      
    # To store the index of
    # previous multiple of k
    prev = -1;
    for i in range(n) :
        if (arr[i] % k == 0) :
              
            # If it is not the first
            # multiple of k
            if (prev != -1) :
                  
                # Sort the elements in between 
                #the previous and the current 
                # multiple of k
                temp = arr[prev + 1:i];
                temp.sort();
                arr = arr[ : prev + 1] + temp + arr[i : ];
                  
            # Update previous to be current
            prev = i;
  
    # Print the updated array
    printArr(arr, n);
  
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__" :
      
    arr = [ 2, 1, 13, 3, 7, 8, 21, 13, 12 ];
    n = len(arr);
    k = 2;
      
    sortArr(arr, n, k);
  
# This code is contributed by Ryuga

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C#

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// C# implementation of the approach 
using System.Collections;
using System;
class GFG { 
  
    // Utility function to print 
    // the contents of an array 
    static void printArr(int []arr, int n) 
    
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) 
            Console.Write(arr[i] + " "); 
    
  
    // Function to sort elements 
    // in between multiples of k 
    static void sortArr(int []arr, int n, int k) 
    
  
        // To store the index of 
        // previous multiple of k 
        int prev = -1; 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) { 
            if (arr[i] % k == 0) { 
  
                // If it is not the 
                // first multiple of k 
                if (prev != -1) 
  
                    // Sort the elements in between 
                    // the previous and the current 
                    // multiple of k 
                    Array.Sort(arr, prev + 1, i-(prev + 1)); 
  
                // Update previous to be current 
                prev = i; 
            
        
  
        // Print the updated array 
        printArr(arr, n); 
    
  
    // Driver code 
    public static void Main(String []args) 
    
        int []arr = { 2, 1, 13, 3, 7, 8, 21, 13, 12 }; 
        int n = arr.Length; 
        int k = 2; 
        sortArr(arr, n, k); 
    
//contributed by Arnab Kundu

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Output:

2 1 3 7 13 8 13 21 12


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