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Scala this keyword

  • Last Updated : 17 Jun, 2021

Keywords are the words in a language that are used to represent some predefined actions or some internal process. We use the this keyword when we want to introduce the current object for a class. Then using the dot operator (.), we can refer to instance variables, methods and constructors by using this keyword. this keyword is also used with auxiliary constructors.

Let’s understand this keyword with some examples.

Example #1: 

Scala




// Scala program to illustrate this keyword
class Addition(i:Int)
{
    // using this keyword
    def this(i:Int, j:Int)
    {
        this(i)
        println(i + " + " + j + " = " + { i + j })
    }
}
 
// Creating object
object GFG
{
    // Main method
    def main(args:Array[String])
    {
        var add = new Addition(15, 12)
    }
     
}

Output: 

15 + 12 = 27

In above example, a class addition defined which consist one parameter and in that class we created a method using this keyword with two parameters i and j. In this method a primary constructor is also invoked (i.e this(i)). 
  
Example #2: 

Scala




// Scala program to illustrate this keyword
class geeks
{
    var Lname: String = ""
    var Articles = 0
     
    // Using this keyword
    def this(Lname:String, Articles:Int )
    {
        this()
        this.Lname = Lname
        this.Articles = Articles
         
    }
    def show()
    {
        println("Language name " + Lname +
                " published article " + Articles )
    }
}
 
// Creating object
object GFG
{
    // Main method
    def main(args: Array[String])
    {
        var GeeksForGeeks = new geeks( "Scala", 105)
        GeeksForGeeks.show()
    }
}

Output: 

Language name Scala published article 105

As we can see, in above example, an auxiliary constructor defined with this keyword and a primary constructor called using this keyword. instance variables (i.e Lname, Articles)is also referred using dot(.) operator.
 




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