Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Randomly select elements from list without repetition in Python

  • Last Updated : 29 Aug, 2020

Python’s built-in module in random module is used to work with random data. The random module provides various methods to select elements randomly from a list, tuple, set, string or a dictionary without any repetition. Below are some approaches which depict a random selection of elements from a list without repetition by:

Method 1: Using random.sample()

 Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.  

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning - Basic Level Course

Using the sample() method in the random module. The sample() is an inbuilt method of the random module which takes the sequence and number of selections as arguments and returns a particular length list of items chosen from the sequence i.e. list, tuple, string or set. It is used for random selection from a list of items without any replacement.
Example 1:






# importing the required module
import random
  
# list of items
List = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 40,
        30, 20, 10]
  
# using the sample() method
UpdatedList = random.sample(List, 3)
  
# displaying random selections from 
# the list without repetition
print(UpdatedList)

Output:

[50, 20, 10]

We can also use the sample() method on a sequence of numbers, however, the number of selections should be greater than the size of the sequence.
Example 2:




# importing the required module
import random
  
# using the sample() method on a
# sequence of numbers
UpdatedList = random.sample(range(1, 100), 5)
  
# displaying random selections without
# repetition
print(UpdatedList)

Output:

[51, 50, 97, 22, 6]

Method 2: Using random.choices()

Using choices() method in the random library, The choices() method requires two arguments the list and k(number of selections) returns multiple random elements from the list with replacement. However, we need to convert the list into a set in order to avoid repetition of elements.
Example 1:




# importing the required module
import random
  
# converting the list into a set
Set = set([10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 40,
          30, 20, 10])
  
# using the choices() method on the 
# given dataset
UpdatedList = random.choices(list(Set), k = 3)
  
# displaying random selections without 
# repetition
print(UpdatedList)

Output:

[30, 20, 40]

If the choices() method is applied on a sequence of unique numbers than it will return a list of unique random selections only if the k argument (i.e number of selections) should be greater than the size of the list.
Example 2:




# importing the required module
import random
  
# converting the list into set
List = [i for i in range(1, 100)]
  
# using the choices() method on a
# sequence of numbers
UpdatedList = random.choices(List, k = 5)
  
# displaying random selections without
# repetition
print(UpdatedList)

Output:

[46, 32, 85, 12, 68]

Method 3: Using random.choice()

Using the choice() method in random module, the choice() method returns a single random item from a list, tuple, or string.
Below is program where choice() method is used on a list of items.
Example 1:




# importing the required module
import random
  
# list of items
List = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 40
        30, 20, 10]
  
# using the choice() method to return a
# single item from the dataset
print(random.choice(List))

Output:

20

Below is a program where choice method is used on sequence of numbers.
Example 2:




# importing the required module
import random
  
# using the choice() method to return a
# single item from the dataset
print(random.choice(range(1, 100)))

Output:

56



My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :