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Python – Replace index elements with elements in Other List
  • Last Updated : 06 Mar, 2020

Sometimes, while working with Python data, we can have a problem in which we have two lists and we need to replace positions in one list with the actual elements from other list. Lets discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension
This is one way to solve this problem. In this we just iterate through the list and assign the index value from one list to other.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate 
# Replace index elements with elements in Other List
# using list comprehension
  
# Initializing lists
test_list1 = ['Gfg', 'is', 'best']
test_list2 = [0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1, 2, 0]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 is : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 is : " + str(test_list2))
  
# Replace index elements with elements in Other List
# using list comprehension
res = [test_list1[idx] for idx in test_list2]
              
# printing result 
print ("The lists after index elements replacements is : " + str(res))

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Output :

The original list 1 is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘best’]
The original list 2 is : [0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1, 2, 0]
The lists after index elements replacements is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘best’, ‘is’, ‘Gfg’, ‘Gfg’, ‘Gfg’, ‘best’, ‘is’, ‘is’, ‘best’, ‘Gfg’]

 



Method #2 : Using map() + lambda
The combination of above functions can be used to perform this task. In this, we perform task of extension of logic to every element using map() and lambda functions.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate 
# Replace index elements with elements in Other List
# using map() + lambda
  
# Initializing lists
test_list1 = ['Gfg', 'is', 'best']
test_list2 = [0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1, 2, 0]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 is : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 is : " + str(test_list2))
  
# Replace index elements with elements in Other List
# using map() + lambda
res = list(map(lambda idx: test_list1[idx], test_list2))
              
# printing result 
print ("The lists after index elements replacements is : " + str(res))

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Output :

The original list 1 is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘best’]
The original list 2 is : [0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1, 2, 0]
The lists after index elements replacements is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘best’, ‘is’, ‘Gfg’, ‘Gfg’, ‘Gfg’, ‘best’, ‘is’, ‘is’, ‘best’, ‘Gfg’]

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