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Python | Records List Concatenation

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  • Last Updated : 27 Feb, 2020
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Sometimes, while working with Python records, we can have a problem in which we need to perform cross concatenation of list of tuples. This kind of application is popular in web development domain. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + zip()
The combination of above functionalities can be used to perform this particular task. In this, we iterate through the list using list comprehension and the concatenation across lists is performed with help of zip().




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Records List Concatenation
# using list comprehension + zip()
  
# initialize lists
test_list1 = [("g", "f"), ("g", "is"), ("be", "st")]
test_list2 = [("fg", "g"), ("gf", "best"), ("st", " gfg")]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 : " + str(test_list2))
  
# Records List Concatenation
# using list comprehension + zip()
res = [(x[0] + y[0], x[1] + y[1]) for x, y in zip(test_list1, test_list2)]
  
# printing result
print("The Concatenation across lists is : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list 1 : [('g', 'f'), ('g', 'is'), ('be', 'st')]
The original list 2 : [('fg', 'g'), ('gf', 'best'), ('st', ' gfg')]
The Concatenation across lists is : [('gfg', 'fg'), ('ggf', 'isbest'), ('best', 'st gfg')]

 

Method #2 : Using join() + zip() + map()
This is yet another way to perform this task. This is similar to above method, the difference is that summation is performed by inbuilt function and extending logic to each element is done by map().




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Records List Concatenation
# using join() + zip() + map()
  
# initialize lists
test_list1 = [("g", "f"), ("g", "is"), ("be", "st")]
test_list2 = [("fg", "g"), ("gf", "best"), ("st", " gfg")]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 : " + str(test_list2))
  
# Records List Concatenation
# using join() + zip() + map()
res = [tuple(map("".join, zip(a, b))) for a, b in zip(test_list1, test_list2)]
  
# printing result
print("The Concatenation across lists is : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list 1 : [('g', 'f'), ('g', 'is'), ('be', 'st')]
The original list 2 : [('fg', 'g'), ('gf', 'best'), ('st', ' gfg')]
The Concatenation across lists is : [('gfg', 'fg'), ('ggf', 'isbest'), ('best', 'st gfg')]

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