Related Articles

# Python | Operate on every Kth element of list

• Last Updated : 26 Feb, 2019

We generally wish to employ a particular function to all the elements in a list. But sometimes, according to the requirement, we would wish to employ a particular functionality to certain elements of the list, basically to every Kth element in list. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this can be performed.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + `enumerate()`
The functionality of getting every Kth number of list can be done with the help of list comprehension and enumerate function helps in the iteration of the whole list.

Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning - Basic Level Course

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Edit every Kth element in list ``# using list comprehension + enumerate()`` ` `# initializing list ``test_list ``=` `[``1``, ``4``, ``5``, ``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``, ``12``]`` ` `# printing the original list``print` `(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`` ` `# using list comprehension + enumerate()``# Edit every Kth element in list ``# add 2 to every 3rd element``res ``=` `[i ``+` `2` `if` `j ``%` `3` `=``=` `0` `else` `i ``       ``for` `j, i ``in` `enumerate``(test_list)]`` ` `# printing result``print` `(``"The list after editing every kth element : "` `+` `str``(res))`
Output:
```The original list is : [1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12]
The list after editing every kth element : [3, 4, 5, 8, 7, 8, 11, 12]
```

Method #2 : Using list comprehension + list slicing
Above mentioned functions can help to perform these tasks. The list comprehension does the task of iteration in list and list slicing does the extraction of every Kth element.

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Edit every Kth element in list ``# using list comprehension + list slicing `` ` `# initializing list ``test_list ``=` `[``1``, ``4``, ``5``, ``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``, ``12``]`` ` `# printing the original list``print` `(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`` ` `# using list comprehension + list slicing``# Edit every Kth element in list ``# add 2 to every 3rd element``test_list[``0``::``3``] ``=` `[i ``+` `2` `for` `i ``in` `test_list[``0` `:: ``3``]]`` ` `# printing result``print` `(``"The list after editing every kth element : "``                                   ``+` `str``(test_list))`
Output:
```The original list is : [1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12]
The list after editing every kth element : [3, 4, 5, 8, 7, 8, 11, 12]
```

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up