Python | Convert List of lists to list of Strings

Interconversion of data is very popular nowadays and has many applications. In this scenario, we can have a problem in which we need to convert a list of lists, i.e matrix into list of strings. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + join()

The combination of above functionalities can be used to perform this task. In this, we perform the task of iteration using list comprehension and join() is used to perform task of joining string to list of strings.

Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of` `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings` `# using list comprehension + join()`   `# initialize list ` `test_list ``=` `[[``"g"``, ``"f"``, ``"g"``], [``"i"``, ``"s"``], [``"b"``, ``"e"``, ``"s"``, ``"t"``]]`   `# printing original list ` `print``(``"The original list : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`   `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings` `# using list comprehension + join()` `res ``=` `[''.join(ele) ``for` `ele ``in` `test_list]`   `# printing result` `print``(``"The String of list is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original list : [['g', 'f', 'g'], ['i', 's'], ['b', 'e', 's', 't']]
The String of list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best']```

Time Complexity: O(n2)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method #2: Using map() + join()

The task above can also be performed using combination of above methods. In this, we perform the task of conversion using join and iteration using map().

Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of` `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings` `# using map() + join()`   `# initialize list ` `test_list ``=` `[[``"g"``, ``"f"``, ``"g"``], [``"i"``, ``"s"``], [``"b"``, ``"e"``, ``"s"``, ``"t"``]]`   `# printing original list ` `print``(``"The original list : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`   `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings` `# using map() + join()` `res ``=` `list``(``map``(''.join, test_list))`   `# printing result` `print``(``"The String of list is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list : [['g', 'f', 'g'], ['i', 's'], ['b', 'e', 's', 't']]
The String of list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best']```

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of` `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings`   `# initialize list` `test_list ``=` `[[``"g"``, ``"f"``, ``"g"``], [``"i"``, ``"s"``], [``"b"``, ``"e"``, ``"s"``, ``"t"``]]`   `# printing original list` `print``(``"The original list : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`   `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings` `res ``=` `[]` `for` `i ``in` `test_list:` `    ``s ``=` `""` `    ``for` `j ``in` `i:` `        ``s ``+``=` `j` `    ``res.append(s)`   `# printing result` `print``(``"The String of list is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list : [['g', 'f', 'g'], ['i', 's'], ['b', 'e', 's', 't']]
The String of list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best']```

Time Complexity: O(n2)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method #4: Using reduce() function

Use the reduce() function from the functools module to join all the strings in the inner lists

• Initialize list
• printing original list
• Convert List of lists to list of Strings using reduce()
• printing result

Python3

 `from` `functools ``import` `reduce`   `# initialize list` `test_list ``=` `[[``"g"``, ``"f"``, ``"g"``], [``"i"``, ``"s"``], [``"b"``, ``"e"``, ``"s"``, ``"t"``]]`   `# printing original list` `print``(``"The original list : "` `+` `str``(test_list))`   `# Convert List of lists to list of Strings using reduce()` `res ``=` `[``reduce``(``lambda` `x, y: x ``+` `y, inner_list) ``for` `inner_list ``in` `test_list]`   `# printing result` `print``(``"The String of list is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list : [['g', 'f', 'g'], ['i', 's'], ['b', 'e', 's', 't']]
The String of list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best']```

Time complexity: O(n*m), where n is the length of the outer list and m is the length of the longest inner list.
Auxiliary space: O(n), where n is the length of the outer list.

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