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Python – API.create_friendship() in Tweepy

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  • Last Updated : 08 Jun, 2020
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Twitter is a popular social network where users share messages called tweets. Twitter allows us to mine the data of any user using Twitter API or Tweepy. The data will be tweets extracted from the user. The first thing to do is get the consumer key, consumer secret, access key and access secret from twitter developer available easily for each user. These keys will help the API for authentication.


The create_friendship() method of the API class in Tweepy module is used to create a friendship (follow) between the authenticated user and the target user.

Syntax : API.create_friendship(id/user_id/screen_name)

Parameters : Only use one of the 3 options:

  • id : specifies the ID or the screen name of the user.
  • user_id : specifies the ID of the user, useful to differentiate accounts when a valid user ID is also a valid screen name.
  • screen_name : specifies the screen name of the user, useful to differentiate accounts when a valid screen name is also a user ID.

Returns : an object of the class User

Example 1 : Creating friendship using the screen name. Consider the following account :

# import the module
import tweepy
# assign the values accordingly
consumer_key = ""
consumer_secret = ""
access_token = ""
access_token_secret = ""
# authorization of consumer key and consumer secret
auth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(consumer_key, consumer_secret)
# set access to user's access key and access secret 
auth.set_access_token(access_token, access_token_secret)
# calling the api 
api = tweepy.API(auth)
# screen name of the account to be followed
screen_name = "geeksforgeeks"
# creating the friendship

Output :

Example 2 : Creating friendship using the user id. Consider the following account :

# user id of the account to be followed
user_id = 103770785
# creating the friendship

Output :

The user id 57741058 corresponds to the user with the name : GeeksforGeeks

The screen name geeksforgeeks corresponds to the user with the name : GeeksforGeeks

Output :

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