Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Python – Alternate Default Key Value

  • Last Updated : 04 May, 2020

Sometimes, while working with Python Dictionaries, we can have problem in which we need to assign a particular value to a particular key, but in absence, require the similar’s key’s value but from different dictionary. This problem can have applications in domain of web development. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’ : {‘a’ : 1, ‘b’ : 2, ‘c’ : 3}, ‘best’ : {‘a’ : 3, ‘c’ : 4, ‘b’ : 17}}
Output : 17

 Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.  

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning - Basic Level Course

Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’ : {‘b’ : 1}, ‘best’ : {‘a’ : 3}}
Output : 1



Method #1 : Using loop
This is brute force way in which this task can be performed. In this, we test for a particular dictionary for value, if not present we check the alternate key and assign value.




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Alternate Default Key Value
# Using loop
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {'gfg' : {'a' : 1, 'b' : 2, 'c' : 3}, 'best' : {'a' : 3, 'c' : 4}}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
# alternate key 
alt_key = 'gfg'
  
# Alternate Default Key Value
# Using loop
if 'b' in test_dict['best']:
    res = test_dict['best']['b']
else :
    res = test_dict[alt_key]['b']
      
# printing result 
print("The required value : " + str(res)) 
Output :

The original dictionary is : {‘gfg’: {‘a’: 1, ‘b’: 2, ‘c’: 3}, ‘best’: {‘a’: 3, ‘c’: 4}}
The required value : 2

 

Method #2 : Using get()
This task can also be performed using this method. We can exploit the capability of get() to render default values in case of absence of values.




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Alternate Default Key Value
# Using get()
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {'gfg' : {'a' : 1, 'b' : 2, 'c' : 3}, 'best' : {'a' : 3, 'c' : 4}}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
# alternate key 
alt_key = 'gfg'
  
# Alternate Default Key Value
# Using get()
res = test_dict.get('best').get('b', test_dict.get(alt_key)['b'])
      
# printing result 
print("The required value : " + str(res)) 
Output :

The original dictionary is : {‘gfg’: {‘a’: 1, ‘b’: 2, ‘c’: 3}, ‘best’: {‘a’: 3, ‘c’: 4}}
The required value : 2




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :