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PHP | basename( ) Function

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  • Last Updated : 26 Apr, 2018
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The basename() function in PHP is an inbuilt function which is used to return the base name of a file if the path of the file is provided as a parameter to the basename() function.


string basename ( $path , $suffix )

Parameters: The basename() function in PHP accepts two parameters which are path and suffix.

  1. $path: This parameter is of string type and is mandatory. It specifies the path of the file.
  2. $suffix: It is an optional parameter which hides the extension of a file if it ends with a suffix.

Return Value: This function returns the basename of the file whose path has been given as a parameter by the user.

Errors And Exception:

  1. The basename() function doesn’t recognise path components such as ‘..’ .
  2. The basename() function operates on the input string provided by the user and is unaware of the actual filesystem.
  3. Both slashes, forward slash (/) and backslash (\) are used as directory separator character on a windows platform whereas it is just a forward slash (/) in other environments.


Input : $path = "user01/home/documents/geeksforgeeks.php",
Output : geeksforgeeks.php

Input :  $path = "user01/home/documents/geeksforgeeks.php",
         $suffix = ".php"
Output : geeksforgeeks

Below programs illustrate the basename() function:

Program 1:

$path = "user01/home/documents/geeksforgeeks.php";
// basename() function to show
// filename along with extension
echo basename($path);



Program 2:

$path = "user01/home/documents/geeksforgeeks.php";
// basename() function to show the
// filename while hiding the extension
echo basename($path, ".php");




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