In Java we have Collection framework which provides functionality to store group of objects.
ArrayList <Object> x= new ArrayList <Object>();
Single dimensional ArrayList : [121, 432, 12, 56, 456, 3, 1023] [Apple, Orange, Pear, Mango]
This is called as single dimensional ArrayList where we can have only one element in a row.
But what if we want to make multidimensional ArrayList ? For this functionality we have Multidimensional Collections (or Nested Collections) in java.
What is Multidimensional Collections in java?
Multidimensional Collections (or Nested Collections) is a collection of group of objects where each group can have any number of objects dynamically. Hence, here we can store any number of elements in a group whenever we want.
Need for Multidimensional Collections in java?
Unlike Arrays we are not bound with the size of any row in Multidimensional collections.
Therefore, if we want to use a Multidimensional architecture where we can create any number of objects dynamically in a row, then we should go for Multidimensional collections in Java.
Syntax for Multidimensional Collections :
ArrayList<ArrayList<Object>> a = new ArrayList<ArrayList<Object>>();
Multidimensional ArrayList: [[3, 4], [12, 13, 14, 15], [22, 23, 24], ]
Add Method for Multidimensional ArrayList in Java:
boolean add( ArrayList<Object> e) : It is used to insert elements in the specified collection.
void add( int index, ArrayList<Object> e) : It is used to insert the elements at specified
position in a Collection.
Below is implementation of Multidimensional ArrayList in Java :
2D ArrayList : [, [366, 3, 4, 22, 1000, 6, 576], [3, 84], [83, 6684, 776], [8, 9, 10, 11]]
Example 2: Now let’s see the implementation of Multidimensional LinkedHashSet in Java. Note: LinkedHashSet class contains unique elements & maintains insertion order. Therefore, in Multidimensional LinkedHashSet uniqueness will be maintained inside rows also.
2D LinkedHashSet : [[Apple, Orange], [Tea, Coffee, Milk, Water], [Tomato, Potato, Onion]]
Similarly, we can implement any other Collection as Multidimensional Collection .
HashSet< HashSet<Object> > a = new HashSet< HashSet<Object> >();
Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more, please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.
In case you wish to attend live classes with industry experts, please refer DSA Live Classes