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Mobile Technologies – Definition, Types, Uses, Advantages

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  • Last Updated : 09 Nov, 2021

Mobile technology is a type of technology in which a user utilizes a mobile phone to perform communications-related tasks, such as communicating with friends, relatives, and others. It is used to send data from one system to another. Portable two-way communications systems, computing devices, and accompanying networking equipment make up mobile technology.

Mobile technology is largely employed in cellular communication systems and other related areas. It employs a network architecture that allows multiple transmitters to deliver data on a single channel at the same time. Because it reduces the potential of frequency interference from two or more sources, this platform allows multiple users to use single frequencies. The channel has evolved over time.

This is fast expanding; its applications are getting increasingly broad over time, and it is gradually replacing other similar sources of communication on the market, such as post offices and landlines. Mobile technology has progressed from a simple phone and texting device to a multi-tasking system that can be used for GPS navigation, internet browsing, gaming, and instant messaging, among other things. With the rise, experts claim that the future of computer technology is dependent on wireless networking and mobile computing.

Through tablets and small PCs, mobile technology is becoming increasingly popular. This smartphone system has since been improved to a big multitasking computer that can be used for GPS navigation, gaming, internet browsing, and instant messaging. Tablets and portable laptops have increased the adoption of mobile technology. The mobile networks that connect these devices are referred to as wireless systems. They allow speech, data, and (mobile) apps to be shared between mobile devices.

Mobile technology is becoming increasingly prevalent. Smartphone users have surpassed 3 billion, and the global mobile workforce is expected to reach 1.87 billion by 2022. Any gadget with internet capabilities that can be accessed from anywhere is referred to as mobile technology. Smartphones, tablets, some iPods, and laptops already fall within this category, but this list will undoubtedly grow in the future years.

Types of Mobile Technologies

Followings are the few famous mobile technologies:

  • SMS
  • MMS
  • 4G
  • 3G
  • GSM
  • CDMA
  • Wi-Fi

Let discuss them one by one in detail:

1. SMS: “SMS” stands for “Short Message Service.” It is now the most widely used and oldest text messaging service. SMS are also sent over cellular networks, therefore you’ll need a wireless plan and a wireless carrier. SMS is fast gaining popularity in the world as a low-cost messaging medium. Every text message delivered to a cell phone has become known as SMS. Messages can usually be up to 140 characters long. SMS was originally developed for GSM phones, although it is now supported by all major cellular phone networks.

Although SMS is most commonly used for text messaging between friends or coworkers, it also has a variety of additional uses. For example, SMS subscription services can send weather, news, sports updates, and financial quotes to consumers’ phones. Employees may also be notified of sales requests, service stops, and other business-related information via SMS.

Fortunately, text messages sent via SMS do not require the receiver’s phone to be turned on in order for the message to be delivered. The message will be kept in the SMS service until the receiver switches on his or her phone, at which point it will be transmitted to the recipient’s phone. Most cell phone providers enable you to send a specific amount of text messages per month for free. 

2. MMS: MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) messaging is a standard method of delivering multimedia material, including messages. MMS, as opposed to SMS, can send up to forty seconds of video, one picture, a multi-image slideshow, or audio. MMS texting will be supported by the majority of contemporary devices. MMS capability is typically embedded within the text message interface and is turned on automatically when needed. If you enter in a text-only message, for example, it will be transmitted by SMS. If you include a graphic or video, the multimedia part will be sent via MMS. Similarly, if someone sends you a multimedia message, your phone will automatically receive the file via MMS. 

An MMS message can convey rich media content to mobile devices at any time and from any location. It is a powerful and effective tool that assists businesses in reinforcing and deepening client loyalty by providing crucial information about their products and services. Because MMS texts are packed with photographs and videos, they are a significant marketing communication tool. As well as other audios. MMS is a cutting-edge method of communicating with others via mobile devices. Text messages are more successful because they deliver valuable information and services to the recipient. The more a corporation approaches its customers, the more probable it is to form a long-term brand partnership.

3. 3G: The third letter in the designation 3G stands for third-generation access technology, which allows mobile phones to connect to the internet. Every new technology introduces new frequency bands and data transmission rates.

The first generation emerged in the 1980s. First-generation uses large phones that had to be mounted on top of cars because they were too heavy to hold. Text messaging was made possible by the second-generation network, which became available in the 1990s. This huge and game-changing advancement also provided a more secure network and laid the path for today’s ubiquitous 3G and 4G technology.

The development of 3G connection-based networks in 2001 marked the start of mainstream Internet use on mobile phones. Soon after, smartphones were introduced, bringing all of the capabilities of a device into the palm of your hand. The signals are transmitted by a network of telephone towers, ensuring robust and relatively rapid long-distance communication. The user’s mobile phone is receiving data from the tower nearest to it. Although it may not appear complicated, 3G technology was revolutionary at the time it was introduced.

Upload speeds of up to 3 Mbps are possible on 3G networks. For example, about 15 seconds for uploading a 3-minute MP3 song. The fastest 2G phones, on the other hand, may get up to 144Kbps  For example, about 8 minutes to download a 3-minute song. 3G systems are intended for digital phones with a full-screen display and better connectivity.

4. 4G: The fourth generation of mobile networking technology is known as 4G, which comes after the 2G and 3G networks. Although it’s commonly referred to as 4G LTE, this isn’t exactly right because LTE is just one sort of 4G. Most mobile network service providers use it now since it is the most developed technology.

However, as you may have heard, 5G is becoming operational alongside current 3G and 4G mobile networks. When it initially came out, 4G revolutionized how we use the mobile internet. Despite the fact that 3G networks were relatively limited, 4G network connectivity allowed consumers to browse the internet and watch HD films on their mobile devices, thereby turning smartphones into laptops.

Most tasks that you can do on a laptop or desktop computer can now be done on mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets. No matter how much data you require, 4 G networks allow you to keep consistent speeds practically anywhere. 4G was launched in the United Kingdom in 2012. Currently, the number of mobile subscribers using 3G outnumbers those using 4G. Expect this to alter in the coming years as 4G contracts become more affordable and 4G network coverage increases across the UK.

Premium 4G offers download speeds of around 14 Mbps, which is over five times quicker than the 3G network’s predecessor. 4G networks can currently attain speeds of up to 150 Mbps, allowing users to download gigabytes of data in minutes, if not seconds, rather than hours as with 3G networks. Uploading data is also significantly faster with 4G – normal upload speeds are over 8 Mbps, with theoretical rates of up to 50 Mbps, whereas 3G upload speeds are under 0.5 Mbps. 

5. Global System for Mobile technology: The  (GSM) is an acronym for Global System for Mobile Communication. GSM is a cellular technology that is open and digital and is used for mobile communication. It operates on the 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, and 1900 MHz frequency ranges. It employs a hybrid of FDMA and TDMA. 

6. Code Division Multiple Access: (CDMA) is an acronym for code division multiple access. It is a channel access mechanism that also serves as an example of multiple access. Multiple access simply means that data from multiple transmitters can be delivered onto a single communication channel at the same time.

7. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity): Wi-Fi is a wireless networking technology that allows us to connect to a network or to other computers or mobile devices across a wireless channel. Data is delivered in a circular region over radio frequencies in Wi-Fi. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a generic acronym for a communication standard for a wireless network that functions as a Local Area Network without the use of cables or other types of cabling. 

Use of Mobile technology

  • The incorporation of mobile technology into business has aided telecollaboration. Now, people could connect from anywhere using mobile technology, and access the papers and documents they need to complete collaborative work.
  • Work is being redefined by mobile technologies. Employees are no longer confined to their desks; they can work from anywhere in the world.
  • Mobile technology can help your company save time and money. Employees who work from home save thousands on a regular basis. Mobile phones eliminate the need for costly technology like landline carrier services. Cloud-based services are less expensive than traditional systems. Technology can also help your company become more flexible and productive.
  • Mobile technology has the potential to boost productivity significantly. Mobile application integration saves an average of 7.5 hours per week per employee. Workers can also become more productive with the use of smartphones and mobile gadgets.
  • The popularity of cloud-based services has skyrocketed in recent years. Cloud-based mobile technology applications have been seen to be more useful than any smartphone, particularly in terms of available storage space.

Advantages of Mobile technology

  • Through a variety of applications, we can now stay in touch with our friends and family members anytime we choose. We may now communicate or video visit with anybody we want by just using our cell phone or cell phone. Aside from that, the portable keeps us informed about the rest of the globe.
  • Today’s mobile phones have made our day-to-day activities much more natural. Today, one may check the current traffic situation on their phone and make appropriate decisions to arrive on time. The weather is also a factor.
  • With the advancement of mobile technology, the entire gaming world is now under one roof. When we are tired of monotonous work or during breaks, we can listen to music, view movies, watch our favorite shows, or simply watch a video of our favorite song.
  • Mobile phones are being used for a variety of legitimate tasks, including meeting schedules, sending and receiving documents, providing introductions, warnings, and job applications, among others. Cell phones have become an indispensable tool for all working people.
  • These days, mobile phones are also used as a wallet to make payments. Utilities might be used to send money to friends, relatives, and others right now.

Disadvantages of Mobile technology

  • The modern family has become reliant on mobile phones. In any case, when we don’t have to travel, we surf the internet, play around, and create a genuine junkie.
  • Because of the widespread use of mobile technology, people nowadays don’t meet in person but rather tweet or comment on social media sites.
  • Because of the widespread use of mobile devices, there is a major risk of losing one’s protection. By efficiently reading through your web-based social networking account, anyone may now easily obtain data such as where you reside, your loved ones, what you do for a living, where you live, and so on.
  • Mobile phone prices have risen in tandem with their worth. People nowadays spend a significant amount of money on cell phones, which could be better spent on more useful things like education or other beneficial items throughout our lives.


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