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Minimize the sum of product of two arrays with permutations allowed
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 25 Mar, 2021

Given two arrays, A and B, of equal size n, the task is to find the minimum value of A[0] * B[0] + A[1] * B[1] +…+ A[n-1] * B[n-1]. Shuffling of elements of arrays A and B is allowed.

Examples : 

Input : A[] = {3, 1, 1} and B[] = {6, 5, 4}.
Output : 23
Minimum value of S = 1*6 + 1*5 + 3*4 = 23.

Input : A[] = { 6, 1, 9, 5, 4 } and B[] = { 3, 4, 8, 2, 4 }
Output : 80.
Minimum value of S = 1*8 + 4*4 + 5*4 + 6*3 + 9*2 = 80.

The idea is to multiply minimum element of one array to maximum element of another array. Algorithm to solve this problem:  

  1. Sort both the arrays A and B.
  2. Traverse the array and for each element, multiply A[i] and B[n – i – 1] and add to the total.

Note: We are adding multiplication of elements which can lead to overflow conditions.

Below image is an illustration of the above approach: 



Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

C++




// C++ program to calculate minimum sum of product
// of two arrays.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
   
// Returns minimum sum of product of two arrays
// with permutations allowed
long long int minValue(int A[], int B[], int n)
{
    // Sort A and B so that minimum and maximum
    // value can easily be fetched.
    sort(A, A + n);
    sort(B, B + n);
   
    // Multiplying minimum value of A and maximum
    // value of B
    long long int result = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        result += (A[i] * B[n - i - 1]);
   
    return result;
}
   
// Driven Code
int main()
{
    int A[] = { 3, 1, 1 };
    int B[] = { 6, 5, 4 };
    int n = sizeof(A) / sizeof(A[0]);
    cout << minValue(A, B, n) << endl;
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to calculate minimum
// sum of product of two arrays.
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Returns minimum sum of product of two arrays
    // with permutations allowed
    static long minValue(int A[], int B[], int n)
    {
        // Sort A and B so that minimum and maximum
        // value can easily be fetched.
        Arrays.sort(A);
        Arrays.sort(B);
 
        // Multiplying minimum value of A
        // and maximum value of B
        long result = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            result += (A[i] * B[n - i - 1]);
 
        return result;
    }
 
    // Driven Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int A[] = { 3, 1, 1 };
        int B[] = { 6, 5, 4 };
        int n = A.length;
        ;
        System.out.println(minValue(A, B, n));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m

Python




# Python program to calculate minimum sum of product
# of two arrays.
 
# Returns minimum sum of product of two arrays
# with permutations allowed
 
 
def minValue(A, B, n):
 
    # Sort A and B so that minimum and maximum
    # value can easily be fetched.
    A.sort()
    B.sort()
 
    # Multiplying minimum value of A and maximum
    # value of B
    result = 0
    for i in range(n):
        result += (A[i] * B[n - i - 1])
 
    return result
 
 
# Driven Program
A = [3, 1, 1]
B = [6, 5, 4]
n = len(A)
print minValue(A, B, n)
 
# Contributed by: Afzal Ansari

C#




// C# program to calculate minimum
// sum of product of two arrays.
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Returns minimum sum of product
    // of two arrays with permutations
    // allowed
    static long minValue(int[] a, int[] b,
                                   int n)
    {
         
        // Sort A and B so that minimum
        // and maximum value can easily
        // be fetched.
        Array.Sort(a);
        Array.Sort(b);
 
        // Multiplying minimum value of
        // A and maximum value of B
        long result = 0;
         
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            result += (a[i] * b[n - i - 1]);
 
        return result;
    }
 
    // Driven Code
    public static void Main()
    {
         
        int[] a = { 3, 1, 1 };
        int[] b = { 6, 5, 4 };
        int n = a.Length;
         
        Console.Write(minValue(a, b, n));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to calculate minimum
// sum of product of two arrays.
 
// Returns minimum sum of
// product of two arrays
// with permutations allowed
function minValue($A, $B, $n)
{
    // Sort A and B so that minimum
    // and maximum value can easily
    // be fetched.
    sort($A); sort($A , $n);
    sort($B); sort($B , $n);
 
    // Multiplying minimum value of
    // A and maximum value of B
    $result = 0;
    for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++)
        $result += ($A[$i] *
                    $B[$n - $i - 1]);
 
    return $result;
}
 
// Driver Code
$A = array( 3, 1, 1 );
$B = array( 6, 5, 4 );
$n = sizeof($A) / sizeof($A[0]);
echo minValue($A, $B, $n) ;
 
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to calculate minimum
// sum of product of two arrays.
 
// Returns minimum sum of product of two arrays
// with permutations allowed
function minValue(A, B, n)
{
     
    // Sort A and B so that minimum and maximum
    // value can easily be fetched.
    A.sort();
    B.sort();
 
    // Multiplying minimum value of A
    // and maximum value of B
    let result = 0;
    for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        result += (A[i] * B[n - i - 1]);
 
    return result;
}
 
// Driver Code
let A = [ 3, 1, 1 ];
let B = [ 6, 5, 4 ];
let n = A.length;
 
document.write(minValue(A, B, n));
     
// This code is contributed by souravghosh0416
                          
</script>

Output : 

23

Time Complexity : O(n log n).

This article is contributed by Anuj Chauhan(anuj0503). If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 

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