# Minimize operations to convert A to B by adding any odd integer or subtracting any even integer

Given two positive integers **A** and **B**. The task is to find the **minimum number of operations** required to convert number **A** into **B**. In a move, any one of the following operations can be applied on the number **A**:

- Select any
**odd**integer x (x>0) and add it to A i.e.**(A+x)**; - Or, select any
**even**integer y (y>0) and subtract it from A i.e.**(A-y)**.

**Examples:**

Input:A = 2, B = 3Output:1Explanation:Add odd x = 1 to A to obtain B (1 + 2 = 3).

Input:A = 7, B = 4Output:2Explanation:Two operations are required:

Subtract y = 4 from A (7 – 4 = 3).

Add x = 1 to get B (3 + 1 = 4).

**Approach: **This is an implementation-based problem. Follow the steps below to solve the given problem.

- Store absolute difference of
**A-B**in variable**diff**. - Check if
**A**is**equal**to**B**. As the two integers are equal, the total number of operations will be**0**. - Else check if
**A < B**.- If yes, check if their difference is odd or even.
- If diff is odd,
**A+x**operation is applied**once**(**x**is an odd integer equal to**diff**). The total number of operations is**1**. - Else diff is even, apply A
**+x**operation**twice**, Firstly where**x**is**diff -1**(odd) and secondly where x is**1**. Or,**A+x**operation can be followed by**A-y**operation. In either case, the total number of operations will be**2.**

- If diff is odd,

- If yes, check if their difference is odd or even.
- Else if
**A> B**, the opposite set of operations are applied i.e.- If diff is even,
**A-y**operation is applied**once.** - Else
**A-y**operation can be applied followed by**A+x**operation. Or,**A-y**operation can be applied**twice**.

- If diff is even,

Hence, the number of operations will always be either **0, 1**, **or 2.**

Below is the implementation for the above approach.

## C++

`// C++ program for the given approach` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find` `// minimum number of operations` `int` `minOperations(` `int` `A, ` `int` `B)` `{` ` ` `// Variable to store` ` ` `// difference of A and B` ` ` `int` `diff;` ` ` `if` `(A == B)` ` ` `return` `0;` ` ` `else` `if` `(A < B) {` ` ` `// A+x operation first` ` ` `diff = B - A;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 != 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` `{` ` ` `// A-y operation first` ` ` `diff = A - B;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 == 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `// Declaring integers A and B` ` ` `int` `A, B;` ` ` `// Initialising` ` ` `A = 7;` ` ` `B = 4;` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `int` `ans = minOperations(A, B);` ` ` `// Displaying the result` ` ` `cout << ans;` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java program for the given approach` `import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to find` `// minimum number of operations` `static` `int` `minOperations(` `int` `A, ` `int` `B)` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Variable to store` ` ` `// difference of A and B` ` ` `int` `diff;` ` ` `if` `(A == B)` ` ` `return` `0` `;` ` ` `else` `if` `(A < B) {` ` ` `// A+x operation first` ` ` `diff = B - A;` ` ` `if` `(diff % ` `2` `!= ` `0` `)` ` ` `return` `1` `;` ` ` `return` `2` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` `{` ` ` `// A-y operation first` ` ` `diff = A - B;` ` ` `if` `(diff % ` `2` `== ` `0` `)` ` ` `return` `1` `;` ` ` `return` `2` `;` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver code` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Declaring integers A and B` ` ` `int` `A, B;` ` ` `// Initialising` ` ` `A = ` `7` `;` ` ` `B = ` `4` `;` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `int` `ans = minOperations(A, B);` ` ` `// Displaying the result` ` ` `System.out.print(ans);` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar` |

## Python3

`# Python code for the above approach` `# Function to find` `# minimum number of operations` `def` `minOperations(A, B):` ` ` `# Variable to store` ` ` `# difference of A and B` ` ` `diff ` `=` `None` ` ` `if` `(A ` `=` `=` `B):` ` ` `return` `0` `;` ` ` `elif` `(A < B):` ` ` `# A+x operation first` ` ` `diff ` `=` `B ` `-` `A;` ` ` `if` `(diff ` `%` `2` `!` `=` `0` `):` ` ` `return` `1` `;` ` ` `return` `2` `;` ` ` `else` `:` ` ` `# A-y operation first` ` ` `diff ` `=` `A ` `-` `B;` ` ` `if` `(diff ` `%` `2` `=` `=` `0` `):` ` ` `return` `1` `;` ` ` `return` `2` `;` ` ` `# Driver code` `# Initialising A and B` `A ` `=` `7` `;` `B ` `=` `4` `;` `# Function call` `ans ` `=` `minOperations(A, B);` `# Displaying the result` `print` `(ans);` `# This code is contributed by gfgking` |

## C#

`// C# program for the given approach` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to find` `// minimum number of operations` `static` `int` `minOperations(` `int` `A, ` `int` `B)` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Variable to store` ` ` `// difference of A and B` ` ` `int` `diff;` ` ` `if` `(A == B)` ` ` `return` `0;` ` ` `else` `if` `(A < B) {` ` ` `// A+x operation first` ` ` `diff = B - A;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 != 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` `{` ` ` `// A-y operation first` ` ` `diff = A - B;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 == 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver code` `public` `static` `void` `Main()` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Declaring integers A and B` ` ` `int` `A, B;` ` ` `// Initialising` ` ` `A = 7;` ` ` `B = 4;` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `int` `ans = minOperations(A, B);` ` ` `// Displaying the result` ` ` `Console.Write(ans);` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.` |

## Javascript

`<script>` ` ` `// JavaScript code for the above approach` ` ` `// Function to find` ` ` `// minimum number of operations` ` ` `function` `minOperations(A, B)` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Variable to store` ` ` `// difference of A and B` ` ` `let diff;` ` ` `if` `(A == B)` ` ` `return` `0;` ` ` `else` `if` `(A < B) {` ` ` `// A+x operation first` ` ` `diff = B - A;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 != 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` ` ` `else` `{` ` ` `// A-y operation first` ` ` `diff = A - B;` ` ` `if` `(diff % 2 == 0)` ` ` `return` `1;` ` ` `return` `2;` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Driver code` ` ` `// Declaring integers A and B` ` ` `let A, B;` ` ` `// Initialising` ` ` `A = 7;` ` ` `B = 4;` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `let ans = minOperations(A, B);` ` ` `// Displaying the result` ` ` `document.write(ans);` ` ` `// This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh` ` ` `</script>` |

**Output**

2

**Time Complexity:**** **O(1)**Auxiliary Space:**** **O(1)