# Maximum length subsequence with difference between adjacent elements as either 0 or 1 | Set 2

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 19 Jul, 2022

Given an array of n integers. The problem is to find maximum length of the subsequence with difference between adjacent elements in the subsequence as either 0 or 1. Time Complexity of O(n) is required.

Examples:

```Input : arr[] = {2, 5, 6, 3, 7, 6, 5, 8}
Output : 5
The subsequence is {5, 6, 7, 6, 5}.

Input : arr[] = {-2, -1, 5, -1, 4, 0, 3}
Output : 4
The subsequence is {-2, -1, -1, 0}.```

Method 1: Previously an approach having time complexity of O(n2) have been discussed in this post.

Method 2 (Efficient Approach):

The idea is to create a hash map having tuples in the form (ele, len), where len denotes the length of the longest subsequence ending with the element ele. Now, for each element arr[i] we can find the length of the values arr[i]-1, arr[i] and arr[i]+1 in the hash table and consider the maximum among them. Let this maximum value be max. Now, the length of longest subsequence ending with arr[i] would be max+1. Update this length along with the element arr[i] in the hash table. Finally, the element having the maximum length in the hash table gives the maximum length subsequence.

Implementation:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation to find maximum length``// subsequence with difference between adjacent``// elements as either 0 or 1``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `// function to find maximum length subsequence``// with difference between adjacent elements as``// either 0 or 1``int` `maxLenSub(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n)``{``    ``// hash table to map the array element with the``    ``// length of the longest subsequence of which``    ``// it is a part of and is the last element of``    ``// that subsequence``    ``unordered_map<``int``, ``int``> um;``    ` `    ``// to store the maximum length subsequence``    ``int` `maxLen = 0;``    ` `    ``// traverse the array elements``    ``for` `(``int` `i=0; i

## Java

 `// Java implementation to find maximum length``// subsequence with difference between adjacent``// elements as either 0 or 1``import` `java.util.HashMap;` `class` `GFG``{``    ` `    ``// function to find maximum length subsequence``    ``// with difference between adjacent elements as``    ``// either 0 or 1``    ``public` `static` `int` `maxLengthSub(``int``[] arr)``    ``{``        ` `        ``// to store the maximum length subsequence``        ``int` `max_val = ``0``;``        ``int` `start = ``0``;``        ` `        ``// hash table to map the array element with the``        ``// length of the longest subsequence of which``        ``// it is a part of and is the last element of``        ``// that subsequence``        ``HashMap map = ``new` `HashMap<>();` `        ``// traverse the array elements``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < arr.length; i++)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// initialize current length``            ``// for element arr[i] as 0``            ``int` `temp = ``0``;``            ``if` `(map.containsKey(arr[i] - ``1``))``            ``{``                ``temp = map.get(arr[i] - ``1``);``            ``}` `            ``if` `(map.containsKey(arr[i]))``            ``{``                ``temp = Math.max(temp, map.get(arr[i]));``            ``}``            ` `            ``if` `(map.containsKey(arr[i] + ``1``))``            ``{``                ``temp = Math.max(temp, map.get(arr[i] + ``1``));``            ``}``            ``temp++;``            ` `            ``// update maximum length``            ``if` `(temp > max_val)``            ``{``                ``max_val = temp;``            ``}``            ``map.put(arr[i], temp);``        ``}``        ` `        ``// required maximum length subsequence``        ``return` `max_val;``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int` `arr[] = {``2``, ``5``, ``6``, ``3``, ``7``, ``6``, ``5``, ``8``};``        ``System.out.println(maxLengthSub(arr));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed``// by tushar jajodia`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation to find maximum``# length subsequence with difference between``# adjacent elements as either 0 or 1``from` `collections ``import` `defaultdict` `# Function to find maximum length subsequence with``# difference between adjacent elements as either 0 or 1``def` `maxLenSub(arr, n):` `    ``# hash table to map the array element with the``    ``# length of the longest subsequence of which it is a``    ``# part of and is the last element of that subsequence``    ``um ``=` `defaultdict(``lambda``:``0``)``    ` `    ``# to store the maximum length subsequence``    ``maxLen ``=` `0``    ` `    ``# traverse the array elements``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, n):``    ` `        ``# initialize current length``        ``# for element arr[i] as 0``        ``length ``=` `0``        ` `        ``# if 'arr[i]-1' is in 'um' and its length of``        ``# subsequence is greater than 'len'``        ``if` `(arr[i]``-``1``) ``in` `um ``and` `length < um[arr[i]``-``1``]:``            ``length ``=` `um[arr[i]``-``1``]``        ` `        ``# if 'arr[i]' is in 'um' and its length of``        ``# subsequence is greater than 'len'``        ``if` `arr[i] ``in` `um ``and` `length < um[arr[i]]:``            ``length ``=` `um[arr[i]]``            ` `        ``# if 'arr[i]+1' is in 'um' and its length of``        ``# subsequence is greater than 'len'    ``        ``if` `(arr[i]``+``1``) ``in` `um ``and` `length < um[arr[i]``+``1``]:``            ``length ``=` `um[arr[i]``+``1``]``        ` `        ``# update arr[i] subsequence length in 'um'``        ``um[arr[i]] ``=` `length ``+` `1``        ` `        ``# update maximum length``        ``if` `maxLen < um[arr[i]]:``            ``maxLen ``=` `um[arr[i]]``    ` `    ``# required maximum length subsequence``    ``return` `maxLen` `# Driver program to test above``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``:` `    ``arr ``=` `[``2``, ``5``, ``6``, ``3``, ``7``, ``6``, ``5``, ``8``]``    ``n ``=` `len``(arr)``    ``print``(``"Maximum length subsequence ="``, maxLenSub(arr, n))``    ` `# This code is contributed by Rituraj Jain`

## C#

 `// C# program for the above approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG{` `// function to find maximum length subsequence``// with difference between adjacent elements as``// either 0 or 1``public` `static` `int` `maxLenSub(``int``[] arr, ``int` `n)``{``  ` `    ``// hash table to map the array element with the``    ``// length of the longest subsequence of which``    ``// it is a part of and is the last element of``    ``// that subsequence``    ``Dictionary<``int``, ``int``> um = ``new``                ``Dictionary<``int``, ``int``>();` `    ``// to store the maximum length subsequence``    ``int` `maxLen = 0;``    ` `    ``// traverse the array elements``    ``for` `(``int` `i=0; i

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`Maximum length subsequence = 5`

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Thanks to Neeraj for suggesting the above solution in the comments of this post.

This article is contributed by Ayush Jauhari. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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