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Kali Linux – Crunch Utility

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  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2021

In order to hack a password, we have to try a lot of passwords to get the right one. When an attacker uses thousands or millions of words or character combinations to crack a password there is no surety that any one of those millions of combinations will work or not. This collection of a different combination of characters is called a wordlist. And in order to crack a password or a hash, we need to have a good wordlist which could break the password. So to do so we have a tool in kali Linux called crunch 

crunch is a wordlist generating tool that comes pre-installed with Kali Linux. It is used to generate custom keywords based on wordlists. It generates a wordlist with permutation and combination. We could use some specific patterns and symbols to generate a wordlist. 

Installing crunch tool

To install crunch tool use the following commands as per your Linux distribution. 

In case of Debian/Ubuntu  

$sudo apt-get install crunch

In case of CentOS/RedHat  

$sudo yum install crunch

In case of Fedora OS  

$sudo dnf install crunch

Working with crunch tool

1. To check the installation. 

crunch

kali Linux crunch

This command will display the initial page of crunch tool which verifies the tool installation. 

2. To create a word list of specific numbers.  

cruch 1 2 0123456789 

crunch_numbers_wordlist

This command will generate a wordlist of 110 words having the one and 2 digit numbers with all combinations of digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. you could use alphabets 

3. To save the wordlist into a file  

crunch 1 2 0123456789 >wordlist.txt 

crunch_wordlist_to_file

This command will generate a wordlist of 110 words having the one and 2 digit numbers with all combinations of digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and will copy the same to a text file named as wordlist.txt

4. To save the wordlist to a file with -o option  

crunch  1 2 0123456789 -o wordlist.txt

crunch-o-wordlist-file

This command will generate a wordlist of 110 words having the one and 2 digit numbers with all combinations of digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and will copy the same to a text file named as wordlist.txt. 

5. To generate a file using rainbow charset file  

crunch 2 3 -f /usr/share/rainbowcrack/charset.txt 

crunch-rainbow

This command will use the charset present in the /usr/share/rainbowcrack/charset.txt file in order to generate a wordlist. 

6. To generate a wordlist with a specific pattern.  

crunch 10 10 -t manav^%%%% 

Here we have 4 characters to represent some group of characters which are as follows:  

  • , for all uppercase letters
  • @ for all lowercase letters
  • % for all numeric characters
  • ^ for all special characters

crunch-pattern

So the above command will output all the words starting with “manav” and then after that a special character and then 4 digit number. 

7. To generate a wordlist with a permutation of some strings or characters  

crunch 1 10 -p Hello Manav

In the case of -p, the minimum size and the maximum size values are ignored by the crunch and it displays all the possible permutations.  

crunch_permutation

The above command will give 2 permutations of “hello manav”.
 

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