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Javascript Program For Writing A Function To Get Nth Node In A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2022

Write a GetNth() function that takes a linked list and an integer index and returns the data value stored in the node at that index position. 

Example: 

Input:  1->10->30->14,  index = 2
Output: 30  
The node at index 2 is 30

Algorithm: 

1. Initialize count = 0
2. Loop through the link list
     a. If count is equal to the passed index then return 
        current node
     b. Increment count
     c. change current to point to next of the current.

Implementation: 

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program to find n'th
// node in linked list
 
class Node
{
    constructor(d)
    {
        this.data = d;
        this.next = null;
    }
}
 
// Head of list
var head;
 
/* Takes index as argument and
   return data at index */
function GetNth(index)
{
    var current = head;
 
    // Index of Node we are currently
    // looking at
    var count = 0;
     
    while (current != null)
    {
        if (count == index)
           return current.data;
        count++;
        current = current.next;
    }
 
    /* if we get to this line, the caller
       was asking for a non-existent element
       so we assert fail */
    assert (false);
    return 0;
}
 
/* Given a reference to the head of a
   list and an int, inserts a new Node
   on the front of the list. */
function push(new_data)
{
    // 1. Alloc the Node and put data
    var new_Node = new Node(new_data);
 
    // 2. Make next of new Node as head
    new_Node.next = head;
 
    // 3. Move the head to point to new Node
    head = new_Node;
}
 
// Driver code
     
// Start with empty list
// Use push() to construct list
// 1->12->1->4->1
push(1);
push(4);
push(1);
push(12);
push(1);
 
// Check the count function
document.write("Element at index 3 is " +
                GetNth(3));
// This code is contributed by todaysgaurav
 
</script>

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n)

Method 2- With Recursion: 

Algorithm:  

getnth(node,n)
1. Initialize count = 0
2. if count==n
     return node->data
3. else
    return getnth(node->next, n-1)

Implementation: 

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to find n'th node
// in linked list using recursion   
 
// Linked List node
class Node
{
    constructor(val)
    {
        this.data = val;
        this.next = null;
    }
}
 
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to the
   head of a list and an int, push a new node on
   the front of the list. */
function push(head, new_data)
{
    // Allocate node
    var new_node = new Node(new_data);
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
     
    new_node.next = head;
    head = new_node;
    return head;
}
 
/* Takes head pointer of the linked list and
   index as arguments and return data at index */
function GetNth(head, n)
{
    var count = 0;
         
    // Edge case - if head is null
    if (head == null)
        return -1;
         
    // if count equal too n return node.data
    if (count == n)
        return head.data;
 
    // Recursively decrease n and increase
    // head to next pointer
    return GetNth(head.next, n - 1);
}
 
// Driver code
     
// Start with the empty list
var head = null;
 
// Use push() to construct list
// 1->12->1->4->1
head = push(head, 1);
head = push(head, 4);
head = push(head, 1);
head = push(head, 12);
head = push(head, 1);
 
// Check the count function
document.write("Element at index 3 is ",
                GetNth(head, 3));
// This code contributed by gauravrajput1
</script>

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n) 

Space Complexity : O(1) since using constant space for nodes and variables.

Please refer complete article on Write a function to get Nth node in a Linked List for more details!


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