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JavaScript Number isSafeInteger() Method

  • Last Updated : 20 Jul, 2021

Below is the example of the Number isSafeInteger() Method. 

  • Example: 

Javascript




<script type = "text/javascript">
document.write("Output : " + Number.isSafeInteger(44));
</script>
  • Output: 
Output : true

What is a Safe Integer? 
A safe integer is an integer which has the following properties 

  • A number which can be represented as an IEEE-754 double precision number i.e. all integers from (253 – 1) to -(253 – 1)).

What is an IEEE-754 double-precision number? 
Double-precision floating-point format is a computer number format, which occupies 64 bits in computer memory. 
It represents a wide range of numeric values by using a floating-point.
The IEEE 754 standard specifies a binary64 as having:
Sign bit: 1 bit 
Exponent: 11 bits 
Significand precision: 53 bits (52 explicitly stored) 

G_image

isSafeInteger() Method In JavaScript



The isSafeInteger() method in JavaScript is used to check whether a number is a safe integer or not.

Syntax:  

Number.isSafeInteger(Value)

Parameters Used: 
1. Value: It is the number to be check for safeinteger() method.

Return Value: 
The toExponential() method in JavaScript returns true if the value is a safe integer Number, else it returns false.

Examples:  

Input : Number.isSafeInteger(23)
Output : true
     
Input : Number.isSafeInteger(-23)
Output : true

Input : Number.isSafeInteger(0.5)
Output : false

Input : Number.isSafeInteger(0/0)
Output : false

1. Passing a positive number as an argument in the isSafeInteger() method.

Javascript




<script type = "text/javascript">
document.write("Output : " + Number.isSafeInteger(23));
</script>

Output: 

Output : true

2. Passing a negative number as an argument in the isSafeInteger() method.



Javascript




<script type = "text/javascript">
document.write("Output : " + Number.isSafeInteger(-23));
</script>

Output: 

Output : true

3. Passing a number(with decimals) as an argument in the isSafeInteger() method.

Javascript




<script type = "text/javascript">
document.write("Output : " + Number.isSafeInteger(0.5));
</script>

Output: 

Output : false

4. Passing an equation( which equates to an infinite value) as an argument in the isSafeInteger() method.

Javascript




<script type = "text/javascript">
document.write("Output : " + Number.isSafeInteger(0 / 0));
</script>

Output: 

Output : false

Code Explanation: JavaScript uses double-precision floating-point format numbers as specified in IEEE 754 and can only safely represent numbers between -(253 – 1) and 253 – 1.If the parameter passed lies in this specified range then the number.isSafeInteger() method returns true else false.

Supported Browsers:  

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Apple Safari
  • Opera

 




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