JavaScript | date.getMonth() method

The date.getMonth() is an inbuilt function in JavaScript which is used to fetch the month from given Date object.

Syntax:

DateObj.getMonth()

In the above syntax, DateObj is a valid Date object created using Date() conctructor from which we want to fetch months.



Parameter: This function does not takes any parameter. It is just used along with a Date Object from which we want to fetch Months.

Return Value: It returns the Month for the given Date object. The month is an integer value ranging from 0 to 11. Zero (0) means January, 1 means February and so on till 11 means December.

Below program illustrate the date.getMonth() method:

  • Example 1:
    filter_none

    edit
    close

    play_arrow

    link
    brightness_4
    code

    <script type="text/javascript">
      
    // creating a Date Object
    var DateObj = new Date('October 15, 1996 05:35:32');
      
    // month from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getMonth()
    var months = DateObj.getMonth();
      
    // Printing month.
    document.write(months);
      
    </script>

    chevron_right

    
    

    Output:

    9

Errors and Exceptions:

  • Example 1: Here date of the month should must lie in between 1 to 31 because no date can have month greater than 31. That is why it returns NaN i.e, Not a Number if the month in the Date object is greater than 31.
    filter_none

    edit
    close

    play_arrow

    link
    brightness_4
    code

    <script type="text/javascript">
      
    // Creating a Date Object
    var DateObj = new Date('October 33, 1996 05:35:32');
      
    // month from above Date Object is being 
    // extracted using getMonth()
    var months = DateObj.getMonth();
      
    // Printing month.
    document.write(months);
      
    </script>

    chevron_right

    
    

    Output:

    NaN
  • Example 2: If month is not given, it returns zero (0).
    filter_none

    edit
    close

    play_arrow

    link
    brightness_4
    code

    <script type="text/javascript">
      
    // Creating a Date Object
    var DateObj = new Date('1996 05:35:32');
      
    // month from above Date Object is being 
    // extracted using getMonth()
    var months = DateObj.getMonth();
      
    // Printing month.
    document.write(months);
      
    </script>

    chevron_right

    
    

    Output:

    0
  • Example 3: If nothing as parameter is given, it returns current month.
    filter_none

    edit
    close

    play_arrow

    link
    brightness_4
    code

    <script type="text/javascript">
      
    // Creating a Date Object
    var DateObj = new Date();
      
    // month from above Date Object is being 
    // extracted using getMonth()
    var months = DateObj.getMonth();
      
    // Printing month.
    document.write(months);
      
    </script>

    chevron_right

    
    

    Output:

    2
  • Application: It has many applications such as getting current month. Below program shows one of the applications of this function. It gives the current month.

    • Example 1:
      filter_none

      edit
      close

      play_arrow

      link
      brightness_4
      code

      <script type="text/javascript">
        
      // Creating a Date Object
      var DateObj = new Date();
        
      // month from above Date Object is being 
      // extracted using getMonth()
      var months = DateObj.getMonth();
        
      // Printing month.
      document.write(months);
        
      </script>

      chevron_right

      
      

      Output:

      2

    Supported Browsers: The browsers supported by JavaScript date.getMonth() method are listed below:

    • Google Chrome
    • Internet Explorer
    • Firefox
    • Opera
    • Safari


    My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

    Check out this Author's contributed articles.

    If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

    Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.